HERE IS A GUIDE IF YOU ARE CONSIDERING GOLDEN PASTURES. THIS GUIDE IS WRITTEN BY INDEEP SAINI IN A BOOK FORM AND IT IS BROUGHT FREE TO YOU BY THE COURTESY OF THE AUTHOR.
The aim of writing this book is to impart knowledge of complex procedures and anomalies involved in getting (permanent residence) to various countries in Europe, South East Asia , undiscovered Central America(as most people want to immigrate to America/Europe/Australia). This book is primarily intended for middle class/lower middle class aspirants who dream to make it big in western world and other countries of their choice. It tells them first about history, culture, vision of a particular nation which enables the applicant to understand the psyche of a nation, before they intend to go there.
1) The rules and regulations which I have outlined will be of immense value to an intending applicant as it will give you the requisite knowledge to apply. It is primarily intended to impart knowledge and tells you to master skills necessary for applying before you eventually plunge in. (Rules and regulations change with time).
2) Don’t fall trap to unscrupulous agents, consultants who make a living out of you by cashing in your needs.
3) Avoid giving hefty amounts of money to fake agents, who just for job letters charge you a hefty amount. It is both illegal and unethical.
4) Insist for past references of their previous clients and ask for overseas address or phone nos. to verify.
5) Out of 204 countries of the world only 4 to 5 countries really need people just based on skills/talent/education/work-experience, even their points system is so designed that anyone who comes there needs to shell out thousands of dollars to first study there, contribute a bit to a country’s economy and then file for permanent residence. So just to go from India or any other developing country with just the mentioned qualities is not enough.
6) There are no easy answers as far as Europe/United states are concerned.
7) Denmark, Canada, Australia are the only few countries which have a systematic points system. Any individual from Asia/developing countries without any overseas education, family ties in overseas countries can still go based on their abilities.
8) The old policy of look west has now been replaced by look east. Countries like Singapore/Hong Kong are good alternatives as they boast of extremely high employment rates and an individual from Asia might just feel at home.
9) Before you go to your target country, make sure you know the language, culture well enough to know about them.
10) Also countries like Dominica (not Dominican Republic), Panama, and Belize have enormous potential and immigrating/studying there is also a good option. Latin America is going to be Dubai of Western world because in another 15 years from now on Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East will have their oil all used up and after that Venezuela will take the No. 1 Spot. It will be better and far more liberal place than Dubai. Hence real estate prices will shoot up and business and tourism will also thrive there due to friendly relations with the west. It is the right time to invest in South America and also for getting Permanent Residence in those countries. Don’t waste this life time opportunity. Act now.
11) Besides European union/NAFTA there is another group called CARICOM. If you immigrate there, you can work in any of these countries with no work permit, just skill certificates.
12) Always choose a place where you know someone/go with a couple of friends. Even if these things are not possible, go to a place where you know the language at least.
13) Immigrants especially from Asian countries have done exceedingly well in real estate/transportation (like driving taxis/trucks). Besides taxi-owners, long haul truck drivers there are good money and you should not shy away from that. Remember, you do need money to realize your dreams. Real estate is also a very good option.
14) When you are overseas especially in Canada, any business or job connected with transportation is a financially viable option. You can get a trucker’s license for as low as 3000 dollars, provided you pass their tests and other criteria. In Canada there are 5 professions which are highly paid, they are Teachers, Pilots, Doctors, Lawyers, Truck drivers.
15) Economic citizenship is also a good option. It lets you have a second passport, which enables you to get visa free access to almost 100 countries and you have a choice to live/work there. Check for Dominica, the best option.
16) When you are overseas, have an open mind. Mingle with the locals and don’t argue over differing cultures. Remember you need them more than they need you.
17) If you are living in rental accommodation (shared or otherwise) avoid cooking spicy foods and don’t eat spicy foods. You are likely to run into arguments over it. People don’t like it and adapt your habits otherwise.
18) Be faithful and sincere to the country you adopt.
List of countries I have included in this book are
1. Argentina 6
2. Australia 11
3. Belize 22
4. Bolivia 24
5. Canada 28
6. China 39
7. Dominica 41
8. Denmark 44
9. Estonia 49
10. Finland 51
11. Germany 55
12. Hong Kong 58
13. Israel 63
14. Italy 66
15. India 69
16. Latvia 76
17. Morocco 79
18. New Zealand 81
19. Panama 83
20. Russia 87
21. Singapore 90
22. United kingdom 94
23. United states of America 97
Skilled occupation List (SOL) for potential immigrants to Australia and NATIONAL OCCUPATION CLASSIFICATION LIST for potential immigrants to Canada are available on pages 102 and 111 respectively.
Republic of Argentina is located in southern America and it borders Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and South Atlantic Ocean, Chile and Drake Passage to the south. It is the largest Spanish speaking country in the world. Argentina claims part of Antarctica, Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.
It is one of South America major economies. It is also a founding member of United Nations, WTO, MERCOSUR and OEI. It has a stable big market and is classified by investors as an emerging power with a very high rating on Human Development Index. Massive European waves radically reshaped its cultural and demographic outlook. There was an unprecedented increase in Argentina’s prosperity. In the early 20th century, despite it being one of the 15th wealthiest countries, it slid into political instability and chaos. Due to frequent economic crisis it sank into underdevelopment.
Some facts about Argentina
Capital Buenos Aires
Official language Spanish
Ethnic groups 97% Europeans
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
Independence from Spain 9th July 1816
Current constitution 1st May 1853
Area 2,780,400 square kilometres
Population 40 million plus
Per capita $ 18,917
Positive points about Argentina
It has rich natural resources, highly literate, good industrial base and a booming agricultural sector. The only thing Argentina has slid into economic crisis is due to inflation. The problem with Argentina is corruption. The silver lining is it has settled most of its debts.
1.) High agricultural exports which have a rural origin.
2.) Ever growing network of industrial parks.
3.) Food processing, beverages and tobacco products, motor vehicles, auto parts, textiles and leather, bio-diesel, steel, aluminium and iron. It has been one of the top five wine producing countries of the world.
4.) Major industrial centres are Cordoba, Greater Buenos Aires, Rosario, San Lorenzo, San Nicolas de los Arroyos, Ushuaia, Bahia Blanca (oil refining), Santa Fe, Chaco and Santa Cruz.
It is one of the top destinations in South America for tourism. It has ample and varied natural assets. Bariloche, the largest ski centre in Latin America and Buenos Aires is the most visited city in South America. Iauazu national park, los Glaciares National park are famous attractions also.
It has one of the largest railway systems in Latin America. It links all 23 provinces plus Buenos Aires and connects with all neighbouring countries.
Media and communications
It has a highly developed print media and its major newspapers are Clarin, Buenos Aires Herald, and La Vaz del interior. It has a large and diverse television industry spread all across Latin America. 67% of its population has internet access.
Science and Technology
It has a highly successful nuclear program. It has pledged to use nuclear power only for peaceful purposes.
It is a pioneer in devising safe and effective means of blood transfusion. Their scientists are remarkable in fields of Nanotechnology, Physics and Computer Sciences, molecular biology, oncology, ecology and cardiology. It has its own satellite program, 4th generation nuclear power station designs and public nuclear energy company.
It has a median age of 77.4 years.
It is largely regarded as country of immigrants, next only to UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and even ahead of new settlements like Canada, Brazil and Australia. Majority of immigrants came from Italy and Spain. It is home to significant Arab and Jewish population. The Asian population numbers at around 1, 80,000 individuals, most of them are of Chinese and Korean descent, although there is an older Japanese community. There are a large number of illegal immigrants in Argentina, approximately 7, 50,000. It has declared a program in which if an illegal immigrant comes and report himself/herself to immigration authorities, they are not deported; instead they are given a temporary resident visa for 2 years. The number of people who applied under this program are 6, 70,000. It has the largest Jewish population in Latin America and 7th in the world. It has a highly urbanized population. About 92% people live in the cities. Spanish is the majority language and about 42% people in Argentina are able to speak English. Education is free for all children.
Roman Catholic is the dominant religion. It boasts of largest Jewish and Muslim population in Latin America.
Of all the countries, Argentina is the most generous because it is the only one who encouraged immigration since its independence. Free land, farming equipment and animals were given if people worked for 5 years. It is one of the few countries which gave refuge to Jews after the persecution began. No other country in the world has a policy of giving 2 years resident visas to an illegal alien, if they declared their status. Due to these policies, it will gain handsomely and it will be one of the first nations from the developing world to enter into the league of developed nations. Another 20 years down the lane, it will be one of the hot spots for immigration because professionals from oil industry will shift their focus from Middle East to South America and South America stands a rare chance to develop into top most immigration hot-spots not just because of this but also friendly and liberal nature, cultural and geographical proximity to the west and MERCOSUR agreements. In short, it is a developed country amongst developing countries.
Immigration and visas
1) Visit up to 90 days on a tourist visa by showing your passport if you are from Canada, USA, UK, EU, EEA, AUS and NZ.
1.) Have a passport valid for at least 6 months, longer than your arrival date.
2.) Report that you are in good health.
3.) Criminal background check.
4.) Translate the documents in Spanish and get them notarized.
Immigrant with capital
1) An applicant must have an equivalent of $40,000 that you plan to invest in a business activity and file a business plan.
An applicant needs to have an income source of $ 900 a month from some source that does not require your presence outside Argentina. It can be a stock income, annuities or distributions from a business you own. You have to prove income will continue when you move to Argentina to live.
Entrepreneur and business people
You need to prove that you have business experience and provide commercial references to get an endorsement from an Argentinean consulate in your home country.
Offer of employment
You must be accepted for a job with a company in Argentina before you arrive. You cannot come to Argentina and look for work. The company must be looking for employees outside Argentina.
Prove that you make $ 700 a month and can transfer that money to Argentina. At a letter from social security administration showing your monthly pension and an ATM card in a bank that allows withdrawals in Argentina.
1USD = 8.49 ARS
Visa free travel for Argentina passport
UK/PERU/MEXICO/PANAMA/FIJI/EUROPEAN UNION/BAHAMAS/HONG KONG/JAPAN/IRELAND/NEW ZEALAND
You need to have a DNI (NATIONAL IDENTITY CARD) and a tax identification number called CUIL. Without these documents you cannot apply for a bank account or work.
Australia is a Latin word meaning “South”. It means down south. It is a developed country, 12th largest economy of the world and has a high per capita income. Settlers came in around 1000 of years ago in small fishing boats and around 250-300 regional languages were there before European settlers came. Australia was discovered by Dutch who made no plans for settlement there.
It consists of Mainland Australia, Tasmanian Island plus smaller islands. Neighbouring countries are New Zealand, E. Timor, Fiji, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Australia was claimed by England in 1707 and Captain James cook mapped Eastern part of Australia and named it New South Wales and claimed it for England. Britain during the later part in 1700’s lost America and its territories, so as a consequence turned its full attention at colonizing Australia. The earlier part of the settlement was thru penal transportation of convicted people, just like settlement in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.
Australia has a high HDI(HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX) which emphasizes mainly on standard of living, quality of life, academic standards, medical infrastructure and out of 204 countries , it ranks 2nd. Due to defeat of British in the 2nd world war, Australia wanted to have powerful new allies which can stand in times of need; as a result it turned towards America and Israel as its new allies. Australia developed ties with New Zealand and US and as a result ANZUS was formed.
It is one of the few colonies of British which developed to its full potential. Even before full control was given to the by commonwealth federation all the 6 states and 2 union territories were doing well, and in Jan 1901 commonwealth of Australia was formed. After the British Westminster act all constitutional links were severed between Britain and Australia.
Since all six colonies were doing well, so the transportation of convicts stopped in 1848. It was due to stiff local resistance. The Australian indigenous populating mainly diminished thru infectious diseases for which their immune system had no answer for. Secondly the English “stolen generation policy” to take the next generation away from their parents was also responsible. British doctrine policy of “land which belonged to no one” was also a means to justify their control over aboriginal lands. Aboriginals had belief in their philosophy of great reverence to land. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen of Maritime south East Asia.
The main development in Australia happened during gold rush era in 1850 to 1890, similar to one experienced on the American west coast. Lots of people from south East Asia came and settled there, although conditions were tough. They were not supposed to settle there (bring in their families). They came to make money, later on intermingled with the local people and soon a multi-cultural Australia was formed. Later on it became the stepping stone for wealth amplification in Australian real estate sector where wealthy immigrants from Hong Kong/Singapore and subsequently it contributed a lot in making Australia, what it is today. It has signed trade agreement treaties with US/JAPAN/KOREA/CHINA/CHILE and is desirous of expanding its business co-operation in Asia –Pacific sector. Abolition of white Australia policy in 1973 also played a key role in increasing immigration and wealth amplification.
Major revenue earning sectors in Australia are tourism/sports/exports of wool and wheat/natural gas/mining of coal and other minerals /uranium. Academics are also one of the major revenue earners, even though education in Australia is one of the most expensive in the world.
Australia places a high emphasis on sports. Cricket, rugby, netball, swimming, water sports are their major games of interest. Australia won 4 cricket world cups with 3 in a row and the cricketing greats include Sir Donald Bradman with an incredible average of 99 in test cricket. Shane Warne, the leg spinner with 700 plus wickets in test cricket. It is a dominant force in world cricket due to fast bowling attack which bowls at 150 km/h. Likes of Mitchell Johnson, Brett lee, Glenn McGrath are known for their bowling excellence. Its cricket team boasts of a high degree of talent and they represent a considerable force wherever they play. They have done consistently well in summer Olympics. Hosted the 2000 summer Olympics in Sydney, even in 2012 they bagged 10th position.
Some facts about Australia
6 states of Australia
1. Western Australia
2. New south Wales
5. South Australia
1. Northern territory
2. ACT(Australian capital territory)
Ancestry 83% Europeans
Wild life consists of Koala, kangaroo, wallaby, Emu, Cassowary, Platypus, Tasmanian devil, Kookaburra, wambat. Queen’s representative at federal level is called governor general and at the state level is governor. The head of state is called premier and territory is chief minister. It has a federal parliamentary system and its capital city is Canberra.
Geographical facts: smallest known island continent in the world.
Total area 7, 692,024 square kilometres
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)
It has 37 govt. Universities. Vocational educational and skill oriented programs are thru TAFE.
Tourist Attractions in Australia
It is famous for its beaches, natural wildlife, breathtakingly beautiful mountains.
1. Bondi beach
2. Manly beach
3. Bell’s beach
4. Cable beach
Uluru (Ayer’s rock), Sydney harbour, kakadu, Blue Mountains, Fraser Island.
Tourist attractions and festivals are
1. Melbourne grand prix
2. Gold coast motor carnival
3. Melbourne cup horse racing
VISAS AND IMMIGRATION
There is sufficient information available. You do not need the help of an immigration consultant to file. Even if you have to file thru an agent always use REGISTERED IMMIGRATION CONSULTANT. Ask for his/her REGISTRATION NUMBER and PAST REFERENCES OF CLIENTS. Also consult the embassy/consulate and ministry of external affairs in your home country to check the antecedents of a particular IMMIGRATION CONSULTANT. Immigration consultants can only assist you in filing for your immigration, they cannot guarantee you immigration. Anyone who says that is misleading public and can dupe a customer of thousands of dollars. So be careful.
Categories under which you can avail immigration
Other family migration
Points based skill migration (189,190,489)
Business skills entry
Temp. Work subclass 457.
We will turn our attention to points based skill migration as 90% of prospective applicants from Asia/developing countries will come under this category. It is the most important aspect as it focuses mainly on education/talent/professional achievements and work experience, language skills more than anything else. All these aspects are a backbone of a country’s economy and go a long way in improving work culture and promoting skill diversity.
There are 3 kinds of points based migration categories (189,190,489). All three categories have one thing in common. You have to make 60 points as minimum qualifying criteria to apply. The more points you make the better it is. applicants who think that if they get regional sponsorship from a relative who lives in a designated area and get points or who can apply for state sponsorship and get some extra points must know that the state governments send invitations to those professionals who besides their sponsorship get 60 or more points. State governments/territories definitely prefer those applicants who make more points and they have more chances of getting invitations.
1. 45-49 0 points
2. 40-44 15 points
3. 33-39 25 points
4. 25-32 30 points
5. 18-24 25 points
ENGLISH LANGUAGE SKILLS
1.) Superior English language 20 points
2.) Proficient English language 10 points
3.) Competent English language 0 points
Skill assessment of English language is based on IELTS SCORE.
1.) Score of 8 in all 4 components of English language (reading/writing/speaking/listening) 20 points.
2.) Score of 7 in all 4 components of English language (reading/writing/speaking/listening) 10 points
3.) Score of 6 in all 4 components of English language (reading/writing/speaking/listening) 0 points
If your passport is from Canada/usa/uk/Ireland, you do not have to appear for IELTS EXAM. You are evaluated at a competent level and can file your application without appearing. However to score points you still have to sit for the exam.
Work experience in your skill (OVERSEAS WORK EXPERIENCE)
1.) 3 YEARS 5 points
2.) 5 YEARS 10 points
3.) 8 YEARS 15 points
1. Doctorate degree 20 points
2. Bachelor degree 15 points
3. Australian dip./trade qualifications 10 points
4. Positive skill assessment in qualifications 10 points
Less than 50 years
At least level 6 English
Has a nominated occupation on the same (skill occupation list) as the main applicant. You can’t have main applicant in SOL and co-applicant on CSOL. Spouse needs to have positive skill assessment from relevant authorities.
State sponsorship 5 points
If you are applying under state sponsorship your occupation should be on CSOL NOT SOL. (CONSOLIDATED SKILL OCCUPATION LIST).
Ways to increase points
1. Study a course in Australia that meets certain requirements. (At least 2 years duration). 5 points
2. By studying in a regional area 5 points
3. NAATI ACCREDITATION 5 points
(QUALIFIED INTERPRETOR ACCREDITATION)
You need to get Translator level 2 by national accreditation authority of translators.
Even if you don’t have enough points, you can still avail employment visas, partner visa, and parent visa/family visa. There are other ways to go.
Documents to fill once you get your initial points in point’s system category.
1. Form 107i (HEALTH REQUIRMENT FOR AUSTRALIAN PERMANENT RESIDENCE)
2. Form 26 (Medical examination for an Australian visa)
3. Form 80 personal particular for assessment
4. Form 160 radiological reports on chest x-ray.
5. E-VISA FORM 1393(APPLICATION FOR SKILLED MIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA).
ALL FORMS ARE AVAILABLE FREE OF CHARGE AT WWW.IMMI.GOV.AU/ALLFORMS/
Steps to file for your permanent residence to Australia
1. Positive self points assessment
2. Academic skill assessment thru relevant authorities
3. Register for EOI(EXPRESSION OF INTEREST)
4. Once EOI has been given, apply thru skill select.
5. Fill out the application kit.
6. Medical/police checks/interviews
IF applying under Regional sponsored, you will get 10 points for that. However your relative should be living in a designated area for 2 years, and you have to give in writing that you will stay in that designated area for 2 years.
Temp subclass (457 visas)
Employment nominated visa which can further pave the way for Permanent residence.
457 visas is one of the best ways to go there. If you have skills which cannot be filled by an Australian citizen/PR, an Australian employer can sponsor you. You do need to have requisite skills /experience to fill that position. However 457 subclass visas is not you can easily get. You need to have prior documentation to prove that you have the skills/experience and are genuinely interested in working.
1.) 457 skills assessment conducted by Trades Recognition Australia approved registered training organization.
2.) Qualification certificates(professional/academic)
3.) Registration /licensing if required. Documents should prove that you hold necessary skills/exp to work in that particular profession.
4.) Undertake an English language test as a requirement.
5.) References from previous employers that cover a period sufficient to demonstrate relevant skill level. It should be on the letter head of the employer and include
i) Name, title ,contact details
ii) Position and job responsibilities
iii) Dates of service
iv) You’re CV, covering at least 5 years showing full employment and educational history.
v) Other documents include(driving license, passport or other id issued by federal/provincial government)
Applicant can live in Australia up to 4 years; have no limit on the no. of times they can move in/out of Australia. You can apply for PR after 2 years. 457 visa holders is confined to a nominated occupation and to a particular employer
This is one of the trickiest parts of application. However even after obtaining skill select/required points/regional designated area sponsorship from a relative, the application does not go thru. The fault lies in application presentation.
How to present documents
1.) Buy a separate file in which there are almost 100 folders.
2.) Put all documents in the folder, but before make a necessary index before filing so it becomes convenient for the immigration officer/visa officer to assess it.
2) Academic credentials
3) Professional certificates should include technical degree/dip. Certificates.
4) Professional work experience certificates should include certificate of recommendation/appreciation from the previous employers/present employers to prove your skills.
5) Any work related project at a national/intl. Level.
6) Detailed job responsibilities shown and it should match at least 80% of the job responsibilities you intend to do in your destination country.
7) Details of letters sent to overseas company, employment agencies to prove authenticity of your application, which will prove applicant is serious about making Australia its new home.
6) Letters of support from friends, although it will not improve your points, but will prove that you have assistance available when required.
7) The most important, yet overtly ignored fact is the financial backing statement, which an applicant does not present professionally and often results in application getting rejected.
Financial statements should look something like this
1) Saving/checking a/c. Statement $
2) Fixed deposits $
3) Gold jewellery/gold $
4) Car $
5) Shares/bonds/debentures $
a) Cumulative liquid assets $(add 1 to 5)
b) House/flat value/land $
Add a+b $
This declaration should enclose proof as far as liquid assets are concerned because even the immigration officer knows that liquid assets are preferable, because to go overseas, applicants are not really willing to dispose of their property. Selling of one’s property comes at a later stage when an applicant is settled there, and he/she might come back at a later stage to sell property. An applicant should have at least $ 15,000 available so as not to be a burden on Australian economy and can handle situations well if he/she has money available.
Additional documents needed.
1) Sibling certificates
2) Any other certificates/docs asked by the migration authorities.
Another important aspect which an applicant is not aware of, when facing interview, be truthful, calm and patient. Even if you had applied for (immigration visa/other) and it had been rejected, if it has been asked that whether you applied for immigration/other visa before speak the truth, even it has been rejected 10 times. Being truthful pays you, because it de stresses you and immigration officers admire honesty and you have more chances of getting it if you are honest about it. Another important aspect is that your professional qualification should be in the same field as your work experience. Stay calm during the interview, you are often popped up the question “what if I deny you the visa?” some people get upset/angry/overtly sensitive about it. Just say “well, I have applied for visa to get a better quality of life for me and my family. I can just request you to give me an opportunity to prove my worth, rest is up to you?” You are the best judge about my abilities and what might lie ahead of me there”. Don’t get angry or upset about it.
I have outlined some questions which might me asked should an applicant’s interview come. Go thru these and answer them with calmness.
1) Why do you want to go to Australia?
2) What steps do you intend to take upon arrival in Australia to secure job in your field?
3) What steps will you take to upgrade your credentials?
4) Have you outlined the schools/technical institutes to upgrade your skills?
5) Do you have enough money to survive initially?
6) What if you don’t get job in your field?
7) Have you borrowed money from someone to go to Australia? If yes, how will u repay if you do not get a job?
8) What is the nature of your job? What if you don’t succeed?
9) Do you think it is a wise step to take in the middle of your career?
10) What do you know about Australia?
Belize, a small country based in Central America is a heaven on earth. It is one of the few English speaking countries in Central America and is a tourist’s delight, a pensioner’s paradise, financial bonanza for investors and businessmen.
Some facts about Belize
Area 35.6 sq.kms
Time zone UTC-6
Belize City was founded by British lumber harvesters. A home to thousands of African slaves brought here for forest trade. It is well connected thru rail, road, air and sea. Air travel is thru PHILIP S.E. GOLDSON INTL. AIRPORT and BELIZE CITY MUNICIPAL AIRPORT. It enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and its average monthly temp. Is 23 degree to 28 degree Celsius throughout the year? It has a major council form of government and its culture is similar to Caribbean culture.
Tourist attractions in Belize
1. Belize city
4. San Pedro town
5. Corazal town
6. Belize barrier reef
7. Mt. Pine ridge forest reserve
Belize currency is Belize dollars and 1 Belize dollar is 0.50 USD approximately. The currency rate has been fixed for some 25 years. Belize has stable governance and enjoys good relations with powerful western nations, so a Belize national can travel 123 countries of the world without any visa restrictions. Belize has signed some important trade agreements and it has some positive attributes as far as ownership of foreign investment is concerned. There is a low tax rate, coupled with 100% ownership of investing groups, no language problems, and good year around weather which makes it a viable to invest and live.
1. Investment incentives in Belize offered like tax free holidays.
2. Preferential treatment from the united states under Caribbean basin initiative.
3. Certain Belizean goods can enter Canada duty-free.
Currently there are two ways of getting Belizean nationality.
1. QRP(QUALIFIED RETIREMENT PROGRAM)
An applicant and his family need to have at least $2,000 USD as a monthly pension from a reliable source i.e. government pension. Applicant and its spouse need to be at least 45 years of age. (You cannot work on this visa, is meant only for retirement residence).
2. Get on a tourist visa. Tourist visa is granted for a month, for some countries it is given for free. Keep renewing it after 30 days until you get your work permit.
3. After spending 6 months, apply for work permit. It will take $1000 USD for a one year work permit. Remember you have to leave the country after 6 months. (Don’t leave for more than 14 days.)
4. Come back and apply for your work permit and till the time you don’t get your ALIEN REGISTRATION CARD you cannot work. It permits you to work/run a business. Get it for at least 1 year.
5. After 1 year of working there and getting to know 2 Belizean residents as recommendations, file for PERMANENT RESIDENCE. A non refundable fee of $1000 USD is needed for CANADIANS/AMERICANS. For other countries it can be a bit higher.
6. Total process is as follows
iii) Permanent residence
iv) After staying for 5 years , apply for Belizean nationality
For other information about permanent residency contact
MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY AND IMMIGRATION
Bolivia also known as (Plurinational state of Bolivia) declared independence from Spain on 6th august 1825 and got it recognized on 21st July 1847. Some facts about Bolivia
Capital La Paz
Official languages Spanish, Aymara and 34 other native languages
Ethnic groups White, Mestizo and Amerindian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Area 1,098,581 square kilometres
Population 10 million
Density 9 per square kilometres
Per capita $5,364
It is a landlocked country. It borders Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Chile and Paraguay. It was colonized by Spain and during most of the Spanish control it was known as Upper Peru. The first struggle for independence was on 1809 followed by 16 years of war before the establishment of republic. Bolivia has witnessed periods of intense instability both economic and political. It is a developing country with poverty lingering at about 53%. Economic activities include agriculture, forestry and fishing, mining and manufacturing goods, refined metals and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very wealthy in minerals having Tin. Bolivian diversity has contributed greatly to its rich art, cuisine, literature and music.
It is named after Simon Bolivar, a leader in Spanish American wars of independence. The leaders of Venezuela had given Bolivia an option to either merge with Peru, to unite with United Provinces of Rio de la Plata or to formally declare its independence from vice-royalty of Peru. The original name was Bolivar. Then they decided “If from Romulus comes Rome, then from Bolivar come Bolivia”. In 2009, a new constitution changed the country name to Plurinational State of Bolivia.
Spanish conquest was completed in 1533. The territory now called Bolivia was Upper Peru. Bolivian silver was an important source of revenue for Spanish empire. A steady supply of natives served as labour force under brutal, slave conditions of Spanish version pre-Columbian draft system. As Spanish royal authority weakened during Napoleonic wars, sentiment against colonial rule grew. The struggle for independence started in the city of Sucre on 25th may 1809, with the first cry of freedom in Latin America. Chuquisaca revolution was followed by La Paz revolution, during which Bolivia actually declared independence. Both revolutions were short lived and defeated by Spanish authorities but the following year Spanish American wars of independence raged across the continent.
In 1836, Bolivia invaded Peru to reinstall the deposed president. Peru and Bolivia formed the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. Following tension between confederation and Chile, it declared war with the help of Argentina. Chile was comprehensively defeated. It then re-organized and in the second attack defeated it in Battle of Yungay. After that Peruvian Bolivian confederation was dissolved, and then emboldened by the independence of Peru, it invaded Bolivia. The Peruvian army was decisively defeated at the battle of Ingavi. Later on both sides signed a peace treaty in 1842, putting a final end to the war.
Since independence, Bolivia has lost ½ of its territory to neighbouring countries. It also lost state of Acre, famous for rubber plantations. Bolivian people and army fought valiantly but fearing a total war with Brazil was forced to sign the treaty with Brazil and as a consequence was flooded with Brazilians in that region. In the late 19th century, an increase in world price of silver brought Bolivia prosperity and political stability.
Early 20th century Tin replaced Silver as the most important source of wealth. Soon resources were controlled by rich people and ordinary people had no access to education, economic opportunity and political participation. Bolivia’s defeat by Paraguay where it lost a major portion was the turning point.
Fall of tin prices in the early 1980 led to major blow of economy. The rapid privatization in the Bolivian national agenda proved to be a curse for its common people. Water contract was given to a private company to improve water supply in Bolivia’s third largest city Cochabamba. Shortly the company tripled water rates and it resulted in riots because people can no longer afford clean water. Amidst, rising national unrest Bolivian government was forced to withdraw the water contract.
Bolivia has the second largest natural gas reserves in South America. The government has a long term sales agreement to sell natural gas to Brazil. It has 5.4 million cubic tonnes of lithium, which represents 50%-70% of world’s reserves. To extract lithium it would have to disturb the tourist potential of Bolivia.
Bolivia was under heavy external debt, but as of now the foreign aid is minimal and thanks to tax collection mainly from profitable exports to Argentina and Brazil. Tourism is also a major revenue earner.
In 2008, it got declared free of illiteracy, making it the fourth country to attain this status. It has a wide variety of public and private universities.
Majority of population has no health insurance or access to health-care. Infant mortality is high due to lack of health care.
Visas and Immigration
Bolivian immigration laws are based on laws of reciprocity.
1.) Obtain a specific purpose visa (visa de objecto determinado) from a Bolivian consulate in your country of origin. You cannot apply for residency if you come on a tourist visa. It is valid for 30 days. Complete all residency requirements and turn in your completed residency application to Immigration Officials within 30 days of entering Bolivian residency.
2.) Choose the Bolivian city. Foreigners must approach “extranjeria window”. Officials will provide you a list of requirements.
3.) Request for a 1 year or 2 year residency visa, the first time you apply. After that request for a 2 year, 5 year or a permanent residency visa. Each residency has a list of requirements which you must full-fill to apply for your actual residency.
4.) INTERPOL INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK
5.) BOLIVIAN NATIONAL CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK
6.) Registration of your address in Bolivia (present water/electricity bill). Officials may visit your new home or apartment in Bolivia to verify your address.
7.) General medical certificate
8.) AIDS/HIV test
9.) MARRIAGE/DIVORCE/BIRTH CERTIFICATES
If you have moved to Bolivia to work and have contract with local or international company in Bolivia, you have to show your letter of employment to the immigration officials.
If you plan to open up a business, show your business registration papers to prove that you have initiated the process to open your new company.
PROOF OF FINANCIAL STABILITY
Provide proof that you are financially stable. If you are retiring and do not plan to work, you must prove source of income from which you will sustain. If you open your business (Bank account, bank deposit, balance sheet of your newly formed company.)
Notarized letter requesting residency: A notary must write on your behalf a letter stating your intent to request residency. It is called a ‘memorial’.
OFFICIAL IMMIGRATION RESIDENCY REQUEST FOLDER
This folder has all the documentation for residency requirements.
For more info on in-country visa procedures, consult Bolivian immigration authorities.
DO NOT TAKE HELP OF UNSOLICITED AGENTS OUTSIDE THE IMMIGRATION OFFICE.
Canada means “Kanata” which indicates a village/settlement. Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia, if you consider total inland water area too. It is situated north of United States order and on its east lays Greenland; on west lay province of Alaska. It shares the largest unmanned border with United States of America. It has got one of the largest coast lines in the world, has got huge freshwater resources, about 31,700 lakes. After Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, it has the largest oil reserves in the world. . It has the world’s largest resources of zinc, uranium, natural gas, potash, aluminium, gold mines and plenty of wood, paper and pulp.
Canada’s capital city is Ottawa and its financial capital is Toronto. It has 10 provinces and 3 territories.
1) British Columbia
7) New Brunswick
8) Nova Scotia
9) Prince Edward island
10) Newfoundland and Labrador
12) Northwest territories
On the west lies Pacific Ocean, east lies Atlantic Ocean and towards north lies Arctic Ocean. Official languages are English and French. It is a diverse country like United States and its population comprises of Europeans, Asians, Aboriginals, Blacks and Latin Americans. It has a federal parliamentary type of government with its current prime minister as Stephen Harper. It was formed on 1st July 1867 when the provinces of Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec joined together. In 1931 there was a complete abrogation of all constitutional links between United Kingdom and Canada.
It has a total area of 9,984,670 sq. Kilometres and its population is just 35 million. It has one of the lowest population densities in the world at 3.41/sq.km. Its per capita income is $44,000 and is rated extremely high on human development index. Its currency is Canadian dollar.
Canada like Australia was inhabited by aboriginals in the 15th century British/French colonies were established on the east coast. Nunavut was the last province to join Canada in 1999. Talks are also underway to include Turks and Caicos Islands to be part of Canada. Hopefully in the coming decades it might be. If that happens, Canada will be one of the few to have diversity not at the cultural level but also at the climatic level. It will be a boost to economy and will create many jobs in the tourism industry. Almost half of Canada snowbirds which go to warmer places like Florida will buy retirement home there and Canadians will have the option to buy within Canada a place which is climatically suitable.
Canadian aboriginals have complex societal hierarchies and trading networks. Some of the culture got collapsed till the arrival of Europeans. With the advent of Europeans, also came infectious diseases for which aboriginals had no immunity and hence quite a considerable no. of aboriginals died because of that. They had no diseases like small pox/flu/measles. Aboriginal people in Canada are first nations/Inuit/Métis. Now it is mostly Métis as they married with Europeans and then a mixed race came into being.
The first territory to be claimed by British includes Newfoundland. French also laid their claim on Quebec and settled there. Mostly people started settling in the Maritimes while fur traders and catholic missionaries explored great lakes, Hudson Bay. The 13 colonies of the south were founded. The main reason for that English never wanted the French to be angry in Quebec, so they established Catholicism and French civil law instead of state law. This angered the 13 colonies and as a result in 1783 America got independence from British Canada. The 1783 treaty of Paris added territories south (but not north) of great lakes to the United States. Quebec was one province, just to accommodate English speaking loyalists, the constitutional act of 1791 divided Canada into Upper Canada (Ontario) and Lower Canada (Quebec).
The Canada’s were the main front in war of 1812 between United States and Britain. Following the war, large scale migration of European settlers from United Kingdom and Ireland started. In (1840 act of union) merged Canada’s into united province of Canada. The signing of Oregon treaty by Britain and United States in 1846 ended the boundary dispute extending border along 49th parallel and afterwards British colonies on Vancouver Island and in British Columbia.
Canada saw a great depression in 1930 and it led to many hardships. This was the stepping stone into making of Canada as a welfare state instead of being just a die-hard capitalist economy. Since UK still maintained control over Canada, its war declaration bought Canada into First World War. Over 60,000 were killed and many wounded. There was a crisis in 1917 when conservative PM Robert Borden compulsory military service over French Canadians. In the Second World War Canada declared war on Germany in 1939 and its troops came to Britain. Canada played a prominent role in many key battles; it enjoys special status with the Dutch because it provided sanctuary to Dutch monarchy and Netherlands also, because it helped in liberating Netherlands from Nazi Germany. Canada also benefitted a lot during Second World War because it manufactured weapons for Britain. Even now money from Canada pension plan goes into American arms manufacturing. Canada has also invested big time in arms manufacturing units in India.
Canada is considered a middle power in world politics and due to its flexible nature has signed Free trade agreements with various countries.
2) Canada panama agreement
3) Canada central America agreement
4) Canada –china agreement
5) Canada-Europe agreement
Canada largest trading partners are USA/CHINA/JAPAN/HONGKONG. USA is the largest trading partner of Canada. Main exports to USA are wood, paper and pulp, Canadian beef, freshwater and natural gas. Oil is the major component of exports between Canada and America. Canada and America have an understanding that it will never supply expensive gas to Americans.
Positive aspects about Canadian economy
1) After the great depression of 1930, the second time recession hit Canada was 2008-2009. Canada due to its stable banking system was not hit that badly. It is still making modest progress.
2) Inflation is low as compared to Australia and Europe.
3) Extremely good Medicare system which is public funded.
4) Peaceful and an extremely beautiful country. One of the few countries which have forests, mountains and oceans converging at one point.
5) Boasts of a large shipping industry. Vancouver is one of the biggest ports in North America.
6) Easy accessibility to Asia/America & a comparatively favourable climate has made Vancouver a no.1 destination for investors. Real estate in Vancouver has been given boast by wealthy investors in Hong Kong.
7) Biotechnology/fisheries/transportation/telecommunications/mining/financial service/energy sector/fresh water resources and ease of doing business has made Canada a no. 1 destination for investors/tourists/films and media/immigrants.
8) Approximately 90% of population of Canada lives within 100 kilometres to United States border. Due to NAFTA people find it relatively easy to find work in the USA.
9) Reforms made after 1930 have made Canada a welfare state. Due to that reason people want to immigrate.
10) In spite of its cultural similarity with United States, it being the biggest exporter/importer of Canada, it has maintained good ties with Cuba. Canada does not believe in making enemies. That is a definite plus point.
In spite of all this a couple of stumbling blocks have occurred.
1.) Issues of Quebec sovereignty.
2.) Issues with first nations regarding their land claims.
3.) It also includes the largest mass murder in Canadian history. It includes AIR INDIA FLIGHT 182 explosion in which more than 200 people were brutally killed. Justice has been denied to them.
4.) Due to loopholes in the immigration system, people from developing countries who have spread violence and mayhem have taken refuge in developed countries. Still after immigrating, they conduct provocative programs which provoke the 2nd generation, who have no idea about those circumstances, often take the path of spreading violence.
Immigration and visas
Points system: In Canadian immigration there is a procedure by which skilled tradespersons/professionals immigrate to Canada. I will provide you general guidelines in this regard. Rules and regulations do change with time. Now from 1st January 2015 onwards Canada has introduced a new system called express entry 2015 for skilled immigrants in three categories (skilled foreign worker in professional category), Canadian experience class and skilled foreign worker in trades. There are a maximum of 1200 points and applicants who get the maximum marks in a pool are invited to apply for permanent residence. Your application will be accessed by an employer’s panel and provinces and based on skill requirements to enhance Canada’s economy an invitation will be sent to a prospective immigrant and they will have 2 months to apply for permanent residence. An applicant application is placed in a pool of applicants for 1 year. If you don’t get a response within 1 year, your application will be taken off and you have to reapply.
Canada express entry points calculator
Comprehensive ranking system
Core/human capital factors points with a spouse points without a spouse
Age 100 110
Education 140 150
Language proficiency 150 160
Work experience in Canada 70 80
Maximum points in core human factors is 460
Spouse or common law partner factors
Maximum points 40
Education level 10
Language proficiency 20
Work experience in Canada 10
HUMAN CAPITAL FACTORS +SPOUSE MAXIMUM 500
SKILL TRANSFERABILITY FACTORS
With proficiency in English language plus post secondary degree 50
With work experience in Canada and post secondary 50
FOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE MAX 50 POINTS
With proficient English and overseas work experience 50
Work experience in Canada and overseas 50
Qualification/trade MAX 50 POINTS
With proficient language skills and certificate of qualification 50
Offer of employment from Canadian employer 600
CORE HUMAN FACTOR +SPOUSE+SKILL TRANSFERABILITY +PNP/JOB OFFER 1200 POINTS
Points breakdown section by section
With a spouse or common law partner MAX 460 POINTS FOR ALL FACTORS
Without a spouse or common law partner MAX 500 POINTS FOR ALL FACTORS
AGE MAX 100 POINTS WITH A SPOUSE MAX 110 POINTS WITHOUT SPOUSE
17 0 0
18 90 99
19 95 105
20-29 100 110
30 95 105
31 90 99
32 85 94
33 80 88
34 75 83
35 70 77
36 65 72
37 60 66
38 55 61
39 50 55
40 45 50
41 35 39
42 25 28
43 15 17
44 5 6
45 Years or more 0 0
Level of education with spouse without spouse
140 points 150 points
Less than secondary 0 0
Secondary dip(high school) 28 30
1 year dip/degree from univ/college 84 90
2 year at univ/college, trade school 91 98
Bachelors degree(3 or more year prog) 112 120
2 or more degrees 119 128
Masters or professional degree 126 135
Phd. 140 150
Official language proficiency first official language
Maximum points for each ability (reading, writing, speaking and listening)
32 with a spouse
34 without a spouse
CANADIAN LANGUAGE BENCHMARK(CLB) WITH SPOUSE WITHOUT SPOUSE
FOR EACH FACTOR FOR EACH FACTOR
LESS THAN CLB 4 0 0
CLB 4 OR 5 6 6
CLB 6 8 9
CLB 7 16 17
CLB 8 22 23
CLB 9 29 31
CLB 10 OR MORE 32 34
CLB SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (FRENCH)
MAXIMUM 22 WITH A SPOUSE(6 FOR EACH COMPONENT , ONE COMPONENT CAN BE LESS)
MAXIMUM 24 WITHOUT A SPOUSE(6 FOR EACH COMPONENT)
CLB LEVEL/ABILITY WITH SPOUSE WITHOUT SPOUSE
CLB 4 OR LESS 0 0
CLB 5 OR 6 1 1
CLB 7 OR 8 3 3
CLB 9 OR MORE 6 6
SPOUSE OR COMMON LAW PARTNER FACTORS MAXIMUM 10 POINTS
LESS THAN SECONDARY SCHOOL 0
SECONDARY SCHOOL 2
1 YEAR PROGRAM AT UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE/TRADE SCHOOL 6
2 YEAR PROGRAM AT UNIERSITY/COLLEGE/TRADE SCHOOL 7
BACHELORS DEGREE OR 3 YEAR PROGRAM 8
Two degrees 9
Masters degree 10
Doctoral level university degree(phd.) 10
SPOUSE CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE
1 YEAR 5
2 YEARS 7
3 YEARS 8
4 YEARS 9
5 YEARS 10
PRINCIPAL APPLICANT CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE
CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE WITH A SPOUSE WITHOUT SPOUSE
1 YEAR 35 40
2 YEAR 46 53
3 YEAR 56 64
4 YEAR 63 72
5 YEAR 70 80
FOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE(MAX 50 POINTS)
WITH GOOD OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(CLB 7 OR HIGHER) AND FOREIGN WORK EXP 50
WITH CANADIAN WORK EXP+FOREIGN WORK EXP 50
CERTIFICATE OF QUALIFICATION (FOR PEOPLE IN TRADE OCCUPATIONS)
WITH GOOD STRONG OFFICIAL LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY(CLB 9 OR MORE)+CERTIFICATE OF QUALIFICATION 50
ADDITIONAL POINTS(MAXIMUM 600 POINTS)
ARRANGED EMPLOYMENT(POSITIVE LABOUR MARKET IMPACT ASSESSMENT REQUIRED) 600 POINTS
PNP NOMINATION 600 POINTS
When assessing your application whether a candidate is eligible for Canada express entry, following points are to be taken into consideration.
1. Core/Human capital factors (Age+ professional degree + language proficiency). If an applicant is single the points will be considered in the category, points without spouse, otherwise, points with spouse.
2. SKILL TRANSERFABILITY FACTORS
With good official language(CLB9) + Foreign work experience 50 points
With good official language(CLB9) + Education 50 points
Sum total of points will include
CORE/HUMAN CAPITAL FACTORS+SKILL TRANSFERABILITY FACTORS +PNP.
Any appications to be successful, a minimum of 400 points should be there without PNP points, otherwise it is pointless to even consider your application for express entry. Another point to keep in mind is that, 85% of the candidates selected for express entry are selected from within Canada only, those candidates who have come to study there and work there. Only 15 % candidates are selected from overseas. Keep this fact in mind.
Proof of funds
It should be money which is transferable and must be your own money. It should be in your bank a/c.
1) I am the sole applicant and can meet funds requirement of CAD 10,168.
2) There are 2 people and we have CAD 12,659.
3) There are 3 people and we have CAD 15,563.
4) There are 4 people and we have 18,895.
No conviction of any criminal offence eligible
No serious health problems of applicant and family eligible
Sooner, a completely new approach to Canadian immigration is going to take place in 2015. The language points which you can claim will be no more in relevance now. You have to appear for the language test as set by Canadian government authorities and based on that score, you will be able to claim points.
QUEBEC SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM
An applicant who finds it difficult to make it in points system should apply in Quebec skill programme. An applicant should be fluent in French/English, have suitable work experience, age (21-45) and good academic-cum-professional skill s and is preferable, that they should have a family relative settled in Quebec. The interview will be conducted by a French immigration officer. Be prepared to give the interview solely in French.
Steps to be take after an applicant’s arrival in Canada
1.) Apply for social insurance number. Take our passport along with landing papers and apply for CARE CARD as soon as possible.
2.) Open up a checking account. You should open up an account with a credit union (Coast capital/envision financial services/ Van city/ North shore credit union. They offer a no fee checking account along with a host of services like insurance, credit cards which will ensure you to build your credit.
3.) Look for a job. Don’t hesitate to apply for a retail corner store job like clerks/cashiers at gas stations as you need money to survive.
4.) Also enlist in employment agencies like Labouready, Adecco, Apple employment services. These agencies offer you starting level jobs, but you need it. Even getting an ordinary job as a teller may take some time.
5.) Apply for driver’s license as soon as possible.
6.) Federal program for self employed people have been closed for the time being. Anyone self-employed considering immigrating to Canada is not possible at this time.
NAPOLEAN BONAPARTE once said about china that” there is a dragon sleeping, let it sleep for when it awakes it will shake the world”. These words have stood the test of time and even the most powerful nations of the world have acknowledged china as a rising superpower. The word “china” has been derived from the Persian world Chin. China is one of the most complex countries and communism elsewhere has failed miserably, whereas in china it has survived the test of time. The famous “great wall of china” was built by several dynasties to protect Chinese agriculture from nomadic pastorals from the northern steppes. It is a sovereign state located in East Asia. Some facts about china are as
Largest city Shanghai
Recognized languages Mongolian, Tibetan, Uighur
Ethnicity 95% Han
Unification of China under QIN Dynasty in 221 BCE
Republic established 1st Jan 1912
People’s Republic 1 OCT 1949
Per capita $6,959 (80th)
HDI 91st (high)
Drives on the right
China has the largest and most complex economy since the last 2,000 years and it has seen periods of prosperity and decline. It was never fully colonized even by the mighty British. It has got the world’s largest army which comprises of 2.3 million troops. PLA is the largest standing military force in the world. It also has People’s Liberation Army Ground Force, People Liberation Army Navy, People Liberation Army Air-Force and a strategic nuclear force. It is the second largest economy in terms of GDP. Shanghai has the 25th largest city GDP in the world. It is a soviet styled planned economy but privatization is still booming in china. With around 30 million private businesses, it is a global leader in manufacturing. 70% of its energy needs come from coal. Of all the developing countries, china has made extreme progress and very soon it will be in the league of developed nations. It has now surpassed United States to become the world’s largest importer of oil. 61 Chinese companies are in fortune 500. China has been widely criticized for producing counterfeit goods. China’s middle class population has an annual income of USD 10,000 to USD 60,000. It has a high level of economic inequality. China has the 8th most trade able currency in the world. It spends almost $100 billion on scientific research as it has surely lagged behind west in science and technology.
Chinese technology companies like Huawei and Le novo have become world leaders in telecommunications and personal computing. Chinese supercomputers are the world’s most powerful. Its space program is the world’s most active and is a matter of national pride. It has the largest number of active cell-phones in the world.
It has a single party communist system and it has 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions, 4 directly controlled municipalities and it has special self administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Immigration and Visas
China does not support dual nationality. Even permanent residence to china is relatively difficult to obtain and in many cases people won’t even pursue that due to technicalities involved. There are a lot of English teaching jobs in china. If you are from an English speaking country and you have 2-3 years of experience as teaching English then china is the place for you. They lack good English speaking skills which are important to compete with west. So they are encouraging people to come to China and teach English. Handsome compensation is given to people.
Work visa in china is called Z Visa. You can only get it, if an employer sponsors you for that and who is registered to sponsor employees. Work visa is valid for 1 month only, and after one month you can extend it from 3 months to 5 years depending upon your work contract.
Permanent residence visa is called D visa. You can apply for D visa after completion of 5 years on a Z visa.
Dominica (ECONOMIC CITIZENSHIP PROGRAM)
Currently there are only 3 countries of the world where there is an economic citizenship programme, Commonwealth of Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Austria. All other countries have scrapped their economic citizenship programs. False advertisements which tell you to obtain 2nd passports are a scam or a fake. Even if there are economic citizenship programs they are expensive and lead to permanent residence only and then later on after multiple renewals if everything goes well give you citizenship.
Currently commonwealth of Dominica, a country in the Caribbean island have an attractive and an interesting program to give an applicant 2nd passport. It is COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA AND NOT DOMINICAN REPUBLIC which grants you citizenship. It is the cheapest and most affordable option to go. Saint Kitts and Nevis is costly, while Austria citizenship program can run into millions of dollars.
Commonwealth of Dominica is English speaking while Dominican Republic is Spanish.
It has a good image overseas and its currency is stable and high.
1 USD = 2.70 DOMINICAN DOLLAR
It only charges $1, 00,000 as a onetime fee and that too when your citizenship application is approved. $1000 for a single applicant is the application fee.
As it is a member of CARICOM countries, you can avail privileges of working and employment.
An applicant gets voting rights, can buy property, start business, live and work in Dominica.
For single applicant $1, 00,000
For family of 4 $2, 00,000
For 2 members $1, 75,000
An applicant does not have to pay in advance. You can place funds in escrow bank account and until your application is not approved, they are not released to government. An additional $50,000 for extra family member and only children younger than 18 can come with their parents. After that they can apply on their own.
1). Investors should be over 18 years.
2.) No criminal record.
3.) An applicant has to deposit money in National Bank of Dominica. This amount will be given back if application is withdrawn or rejected.
4.) 8 weeks processing time.
5.) An applicant should use a licensed promotion agent.
The total fee breakdown is as follows
1. Government fees USD 1000
2. Naturalization fee USD 550
3. Government processing fee USD 200
4. Stamp fee USD 15
5. Licensed agent fee ask him.
Applicant will be investigated by the government of Dominica. All expenses in relating to your investigation have to be paid. When your screening is OK, your application is considered by Financial Services unit. When ministry of finance and social security are satisfied, you have to give money to special government citizenship account. The government will not transfer the deposited investment from this account, until naturalization certificates have been issued to you. If for any reason, the application is withdrawn or rejected, you will be refunded the total amount of deposit within one month of rejection of application. Interview will be conducted in English. Oath taking, certificates of naturalization and procurement of passport. Total time taken is 2 months.
Advantages of acquiring citizenship of commonwealth of Dominica are as follows.
1.) English speaking country, although French is widely spoken
2.) Visa free travel to 100 countries of the world.
3.) Member of British Commonwealth.
4.) No visa required for Hong Kong, china, United Kingdom, Israel and other countries.
5.) Good exchange rate.
6.) Even for countries where visa is required you can get it comfortably.
7.) Member of CARICOM countries, enabling you to live and work there with no hassles. Instead of usual work permits, an applicant just has to take skill certificates from the relevant authorities and can reside. It is a facility not even given to USA/Canada/AUSTRALIA passport holders. Comes next to UK/EUROPEAN passport holders with regards to ease to work in CARICOM COUNTRIES.
8.) No need to even reside in Dominica. Your passport is granted for life and an applicant can renew it at any Dominican Consulate.
Remember, it is Dominica and not Dominican Republic.
For any info
Isla offshore advisor
P.O. BOX 458
COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA
A Nordic country in North Europe and is located north of Germany. It is also accessible thru Oresund Bridge which connects Copenhagen to Sweden. Its capital city is COPHENHAGEN AND language is DANISH. Denmark consists of mainland Denmark independent Faroe 3Islands & Greenland.
Points of interest in Denmark
1. Tivoli gardens
2. The little mermaid
4. Legoland bilund resort
5. The old town
6. National museum of Denmark
8. Rosenberg castle
9. Farup Summerland
10. Tivoli friheden
11. Church of our saviour, Copenhagen
12. Fredericks church
13. Viking ship museum
14. Copenhagen opera house
15. Copenhagen zoo
16. National aquarium, Denmark
17. Rander’s zoo
Its currency is euro, drives on the right and has long cultural connections with Norway and Sweden and its language is also similar to Norwegian/Swedish language. It has got a population of 5.64 million and an unemployment rate of 6%. Denmark was briefly occupied by Germany until it met with strong Danish resistance, until Germany surrendered in 1945. After the 2nd world war Denmark joined NATO in 1949 and since then has made numerous reforms in Socio-economic sector. It is a developed nation with a high ranking in HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI). Denmark enjoys the reputation of being the happiest country in the world. Danish people enjoy a high social mobility, per capita income is very high and its tax structure is one of the highest in the world.
It is known for its beech trees and sandy coasts.
It has a Life expectancy of 79 years. Free Medicare, which is funded largely by government/municipalities and a national health care contribution of 8%. Although, not all facilities are covered by Medicare. Denmark spends 11% of its GDP on healthcare.
The Danish education system provides access to primary school, secondary school and higher education college and university education ids free of charge. Students in secondary schools may apply for fixed grants from the state government which provides them with expenses disbursed monthly.
Denmark ahs a very high ranking in developing GSM mobile phone , making diabetic equipment, programming languages, enzyme generation, shipping industry. They make the largest and efficient container ships in the world. They invented the diesel engine.
Denmark is one of the few countries of the world; where there is a point’s based immigration. The points system is very transparent and retains flexibility in its positive list. Points are allocated according to education, skills, age and adaptability, education received in European countries, language skills, work experience in EU or work experience in an overseas country. An applicant has to score 100 points to qualify for a 3 year residence visa. Danish passport is amongst one of the best when compared to other 27 European countries. Not only it enables you to work in NORDIC COUNTRIES (NORWAY, SWEDEN, ICELAND, FINLAND, GREENLAND) , but also EUROPE as well. Remember not all NORDIC countries come in EUROPE. A passport from Denmark enables you to work in GREENLAND/ICELAND without any work permit, whereas even a UK PASSPORT won’t even enable you to work in NORDIC zone without permit.
1. If an applicant has a valid job offer from a Danish company, he can qualify under pay scheme.
2. If an applicant scores 100 points, he is given a 3 year residence permit which will enable you to look for a job. It is called DANISH GREENCARD. After 3 years, you can renew it for 5 years, provided you are working full time before the year you are applying for renewal. (YOU CANNOT BE SELF EMPLOYED OR OPEN A BUSINESS IN THIS VISA).
The positive list has the following professions. Check for the positive list before you apply.
3.) Hotel, restaurant, kitchen and canteen
4.) IT and Telecommunications.
5.) Education , social and religious occupations
6.) Freight forwarding, postal services, storage and engine operation.
7.) Education and tuition.
A favourable environment for work, study, and living has placed Denmark as one of the most attractive places to live and work and as a result DANISH GREENCARD VISA scheme has seen a dramatic rise by 50%. Study visa and residence permits have nearly doubled now. An attractive Medicare facility, one of the highest per capita, liberty to live and work anywhere in EU without any residence permit has placed Denmark as the no. 1 destination in the world to immigrate. Spouses and immediate family members can also immigrate with the applicant.
A golden rule to remember when applying for a work-permit is that it is not going to be an easy path. First, you have t be sponsored by a European company. Then that particular co. has to satisfy the immigration authorities that this type of job is not suitably filled by an EU/EEA resident. Secondly you have to advertise in newspapers, websites, and industry publications. The local employment services will run searches for EU nationals using (EURES) i.e. EUROPEAN EMPLOYMENT SERVICES PLACEMENT NETWORK. Usually a particular country within a European union will lay special emphasis to train local/EU residents to get trained in that particular profession rather than to get skilled personnel from non EU countries. Even if they are satisfied, you still have to be paid equivalent to an EU CITIZEN.
90% of candidates will come under the positive list scheme. Pay scheme is only for some lucky people.
DENMARK GREENCARD POINTS SYSTEM
Denmark green card is based upon points just like Canada/Australia/new Zealand. It is the only country based in Europe to have a green card scheme based on points system.
Target (100 points)
35-40 years 10 points
< 34 years 15 points Work experience 1-2 years of work within the last 5 years on a positive list 10 points 3-5 years of work within past 5 years on a positive list 15 points Language skills (English plus another 2nd language preferably Danish) IELTS SCORE 3.0 5 points IELTS SCORE 3.5-4.5 10 points IELTS SCORE 5.0-6.0 15 points IELTS SCORE 6.5 OR MORE 20 points BONUS POINTS FOR LEVEL 2 DANISH LANGUAGE 5 Points Education 1) Bachelor’s degree from medium length education 30 points 2) Bachelor’s degree plus 1 year master’s degree 50 points 3) Master’s degree 60 points 4) Doctorate 80 points An applicant is given bonus points if he is from a university which is internationally recognized for its high academic level. Top 400 5 points Top 200 10 points Top 100 15 points No Indian university comes in the top 400 except IIT (INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY). Bonus points are awarded if your education corresponds to shortage of professionals in the positive list 10 points. ESTONIA A Baltic state and its capital city is Tallinn. Official language is Estonian and most population comprises of Estonians, Latvians, Finnish, Tatars, Russians, Jews, Ukrainian, and Belarusians. It has euro as its currency and drives on the right. It is ranked extremely high in Human development index, boasts of extremely high speed internet connection. Soviet Union recognized independence of Estonia on 6 September 1991. Iceland was the first country to recognize Estonia. Estonia joined NATO on 29th march 2004. It borders with Latvia, Russia. You can take a ferry and go to Finland from there and catch a flight from Helsinki to your destination just in case it does not run from there. Estonia has four seasons of nearly equal length. Estonia has about 1400 lakes. About 61% of the country is covered by forests. Estonia is amongst the most picturesque countries of the world with many islands in territorial waters of Estonia, hiking trails and landscapes. It is divided into 15 counties. County government is led by a country governor and they represent the national government at a regional level. Visa, residency and immigration. Nationals from EU or EEA member states may enter Estonia without a visa and their presence in the country is subject to citizens of European Union act. North American countries like Canada & America can enter Estonia without any permit if the intent to stay is less than 3 months. Persons wishing to apply for Temporary residence permit (TRP) can do so under the following categories. 1.) A valid secure job offer from an Estonian employers backed by a 2 year validity. That valid job offer can be extended for 5 years. After that an applicant can file for PERMANENT RESIDENCE. After living as a permanent residence for 5 years, he can apply for Estonian citizenship. (LABOUR MARKET BOARD MUST APPROVE EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN NATIONALS.) 2.) Family re-unification: An applicant immediate family is eligible for PR after applicant has obtained it. Even when an applicant’s 1 year TRP has been given, an applicant’s immediate family can obtain it. 3.) Marriage to an Estonian citizen, spousal visa is given for 1 year. If the marriage is less than 3 years old. After more than 3 years of residency and provided marriage stays intact, the alien spouse gets visa for 3 years. . Finland One of the best countries of the world, I have visited and fallen in love is Finland e. Absolutely breathtaking scenery, a land of various islands and stunning lakes and islands, land of northern lights phenomenon, land where white Christmas is celebrated with fervour, a visit to this city (Helsinki) and you get stunned. Wide roads, literally no traffic jams, great railway networks, and one of the largest countries in northern Europe has a unique identity of its own. It borders Russia, Sweden, Norway and Estonia my maritime boundary. This place is an absolute tourist’s delight. Some facts about Finland Capital Helsinki Official language Finnish Religion Lutheranism Demonym Finnish Government parliamentary republic Independence from Russia 1917 Joined EU 1995 Area 338,424 square kilometres Population 5.4 million Per capita $ 36,395 HDI 24TH CURRENCY EURO National bird Whooper swan National animal Brown bear Nearly one million residents live in greater Helsinki area (Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo, and Kauniainen). Other large cities include Tampere, Turku, Lahti and Kuopio. Although Finland is a part of EU, still it maintains neutrality in a lot of aspects because of its proximity with Russia. Finland used to be at receiving end whenever there were wars between Sweden and Russia. It then decided upon autonomy and it remains active on the world stage, joining OECD and then EU in 1995. A country primarily an agrarian country, it rapidly developed into an advanced economy while building an extensive Nordic style welfare state, resulting in prosperity and highest per capita income in the world. It ranks fairly high in education, quality of life, human development. In 2010 Newsweek choose Finland to be the best country of the world. A country of thousands of lakes and islands, about 188,000 lakes and 179,000 islands and it is the largest producer of wood in Europe. The Finnish climate is suitable for cereal farming only in southern most regions, while northern regions are suitable for animal husbandry. It has a very low crime rate as compared to rest of Europe. It is one of the least corrupt countries of the world. Its public records are amongst the worlds most transparent. Invasions, famines and other problems have turned Finland into a welfare state, which aims for welfare and improving overall quality of life of its people. Compulsory male service in the armed forces, males above 18 serve for 6 to 12 months of armed service. It has a major deterrent to counter Russian invasion in the form of 350,000 reserves. It spends nearly 2 billion Euros for its defence purposes. Economy is centred on services, manufacturing, refining, manufacturing electronics, and machinery, vehicles and other engineered metal products. Its major trading partners are US, UK, China, Russia, Sweden and Germany. Its climate and soil makes growing crops a major challenge due to extreme winter conditions. Farmers rely on quick-ripening and frost resistant varieties of crops. Soil required treatment with lime and years of extensive cultivation and effective drainage system to drain excess water. Its agricultural technology is advanced as compared to other EU countries. Home ownership rate is 60%. It has the world’s lowest industry electricity prices. Finnish energy market is free and largely privatized and welcoming to anyone to enter it. It has an excellent transport system despite low levels of population density. A joint venture between Russian railways and VR (Finnish Railways) has been running high speed services between St. Petersburg and Helsinki Central railway station. It ranks 13th in the ease of doing business index. Tourism is also a major revenue earner. Education is free and living expenses are to a large extent financed by the government through student benefits. It has 20 universities and 30 polytechnics in the country. Helsinki university is ranked 75th in the top university ranking of 2010. Cuisine Karelian pastry is a traditional Finnish dish. Fish and meat are mostly consumed. Finnish foods are rye, barley, oats, berries, buttermilk, turnips and mushrooms. Sports Ice hockey, athletics, cross country, skiing, Ski Jumping and formula one are very popular. Basket ball is gaining momentum also. It is one of the best performing country in Olympic history in terms of medals won per capita. Javelin throw, an event in which Finland has done exceedingly well. Immigration and visas To get a work visa, in Finland an employer has to sponsor you. After it is done, only then you can apply for a residence visa. Study visa Those pursuing studies it is relatively easy for you to apply for a residence permit. You must have a job in your hand to apply for a residence permit. Work visa You can get a work visa if your employer from Finland sponsors you. Only after they cannot find a suitable candidate in the whole EU , will you will able to get a job if u are a non EU citizen. Relationship You should have an established intimate relationship. There are plenty of English teaching jobs in Finland. An applicant needs to have 2-3 years experience plus a TEFL certification and maximum you may get is around $800. Residence permits are of 3 types. Temporary resident permit B permit Continous resident permit A permit Permanent residence permit P permit Temporary resident permit can be granted for 1 year at a time. It can be changed into Continuous residence if grounds for residency have changed during the stay. E.g. marriage to a Finnish citizen. PR can be granted if Continous residence permit has been there for the applicant for 4 years. Live for 2 years on a temporary resident visa and apply for Continous residence after 2 years. Live on a Continous resident visa for 4 years and apply for PR. If you live on a student visa in Finland and you have studied for a graduate degree, not just a short term course diploma or any certificate course, you can get a permit for 6 months to look for a job after you complete your grauation. If you are able to find a job then you can get temporary resident permit for 1 year. GERMANY It has a federal parliamentary republic and is located in west central Europe consisting of 16 states. Capital city is Berlin and it has a total population of 81 million and is regarded as one of the most populous countries in Europe. Frankfurt is the financial capital of Germany, and it is full-fledged member of G-8/G-20 and is major power in world politics. It is a leader in sports, cultural academic and technical fields. In 1871 all the states became unified into German empire. During the nazification of Germany in 1933 and subsequent expansionist nefarious designs of Nazi regime as a result of pan-Germanism, it led to holocaust and during the 2nd world war it was defeated. Eventually it got divided in 1945 and again it got unified in 1990. The assassination of Austrian crown prince on 28th June 1914 led to 1st world war. Germany suffered defeat against the allies. 2 million Germans were killed. Germany signed the treaty of Versailles in June 1919. Germans perceived the treaty as humiliating and it became the single most factors in the rise of Hitler. He then followed a policy of eradication of not only Jews but people of visible minorities, disabled people who were dependent on state support system. The troubling times experienced by local Germans during that era led to the rise of Nazism and subsequent rise of systemic genocide of its visible minorities. It only stopped after the surrender of Germany. Some facts about Germany Currency euro Unemployment 6.7% Labour force 44 million Avg. Gross salary $4076/month Avg. Net salary $2600/month Positive points about German economy It is the largest producer of lignite in the world and its other mineral resources are timber/Iron ore/potash/salt/Uranium/Nickel/Copper/Natural gas. It exports chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electronics and automobiles. It is the largest source of solar power technology and turbines. It is the world’s top location for trade fairs. Trade fairs are mainly held in Hanover/Munich/Frankfurt/Berlin. Of the 500 largest stock market companies in the world, 37 are headquartered in Germany. It has a surplus, richest country in Europe and second richest after United States. Germany has an extremely good transport system. The INTERCITY EXPRESS connects to German cities as well as major European cities. Speeds range from 200 kilometres per hour to 300 Kilometres per hour. IMMIGRATION TO GERMANY Job seeker visa You can get a job seeker visa which is valid for 3 months. Once you reach Germany and find a suitable job that can be converted into a work visa. 3 types of German visa 1.) 90 days short stay 2.) Residence permit(EU Blue card) 3.) Settlement permit(Permanent residence) The following professions are in high demand. 1. Engineers 2. Healthcare 3. Trades 4. IT Other eligibility requirements are bachelor’s degree and requisite work experience. Employments of highly skilled persons are possible only if they have 1) Secure validated job offer 2) Should be according to German labour market 3) Should meet the minimum threshold income criteria. 37,000 Euros or more. 4) Germany does not encourage immigration without a cause. You should be enrolled in a university, school or have a valid job offer according to your professional qualifications, or be married to a German national. To qualify for German work permit, the most important thing which people often overlook and they became victim of many scams. 1) Employee has to be employed on equal terms as a German employee. Only if German/EU citizens are not available to fill that vacancy, then can a non EU citizen fill that position. Employee should have qualifications comparable to German qualifications. 2) German company must be registered at labour authorities in Germany and should have a corporate registration number. Once a student completes its studies, he/she is given a residence permit of one year to look for a job in his profession. If he finds a job which is suitable for his educational qualifications and if it meets other criteria, then you can obtain EU BLUECARD EASILY. Steps for students towards gaining German citizenship 1.) Student visa 2.) After completion of study, you are given 1 year residence permit. 3.) If you are able to find a job, then EU BLUE CARD. 4.) After 5 years, you can file for PERMANENT RESIDENCE. 5.) After 8 years, you can file for GERMAN CITIZENSHIP. HONG KONG Hong Kong is a special administrative region of People’s Republic of China. Hong Kong is a former British colony and the name itself signifies “sweet fragrance”. Hong Kong is known for its huge skyscrapers and deep natural harbour. It has a population of 7.2 million approximately. The city has almost 1200 plus skyscrapers and is hugely known for its skyline. Hong Kong is a classic example of east meets west. Hong Kong was under British lease for a period of 100 years from 1898 to 1997. From 1997 it got transferred to China. But still Hong Kong prefers British law as compared to Chinese law. Hong Kong has been listed as the world city after London and New York. It has been designated as an A+ city. 94% people are of Chinese origin, rest are people from all over Asia, Europe and North America. Hong Kong stock market is the 7th largest in the world. It has emerged as a Mecca of the corporate headquarters. Hong Kong is the only place in the world where under colonial rule from 1945 to 1997, the per capita income of a colony exceeded that of their master’s. Hong Kong has emerged as a centre of re-export. Some important facts about Hong Kong Its official language is Chinese and English and it has an area of 1100 square kilometres. It has an extremely high population density of 6544 per square kilometres. It has a GDP of 404 billion, which is even higher than the GDP of INDIA which in spite of a billion plus population stands at a mere 250 billion. It itself speaks about the concentration of wealth in a country like Hong Kong. Hong Kong became British colony in 1842, after first opium war. Hong Kong Island was first ceded to UK, then Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the new territories were put in lease in 1898. There was a brief Japanese occupation from (1941-1945), after which British resumed control in 1997. The credit for Hong Kong’s success goes to minimum government intervention during post colonial era. Only after the reforms of 2009, Hong Kong wants to follow an independent education pattern. Until 2009 it has been following British pattern. Free trade, low tax policy has made Hong Kong one of the wealthiest places in the world. One country, two systems policy has proven to be extremely successful. Hong Kong enjoys high international rankings in various aspects such as economic freedom, financial and economic competitiveness, quality of life, HDI. Tourist attractions in Hong Kong are 1) Avenue of stars 2) Hong Kong Disneyland 3) Ocean Park 4) Ladies market 5) Clock Tower 6) Victoria Bay (wooden fishing vessels are a delight to watch). 2 days time is quite enough to see all the tourist attractions in Hong Kong. Job prospects for South Asians in Hong Kong Job prospects for south Asians is rather grim. It is very difficult to get a job without knowing Cantonese or Mandarin. South Asians are viewed in negative light by people in Hong Kong. They do menial jobs like garbage collection, construction, heavy lifting. Jobs which locals do not want to do. Also a large number of Asian immigrants came illegally which creates a negative impression about their country. It is a criminal offence to work in Hong Kong without any authorized work permit. An individual can be put behind bars and fined thousands of dollars for breaking the law. Hong Kong gives tourist visas or visa on arrival for aliens based on their respective countries. 1.) If you are a UK resident, you are automatically entitled to live in Hong Kong for 6 months. 2.) If you are a citizen of EU/EEA/N. AMERICA/AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND and some other developed countries, you can live in Hong Kong for 3 months. 3.) If you are a citizen of following countries like Central Asian countries like Uzbekistan/Turkmenistan and some east European countries you are entitled to live in Hong Kong for 30 days. 4.) Still lower ranked countries who are undeveloped and which have extremely low ranking in HDI, you can stay for only 15 days. Hong Kong work visa guidelines 1) Applicants who have obtained full time study in Hong Kong can apply to stay and work in the HKSAR (HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION) for non local graduates. The study should be from a recognized and a bonafide institute of Hong Kong. 2) GEP (general employment policy) Applicants who are non local graduates and who possess qualifications/skills/work experience and these skills are not readily available in Hong Kong may apply to come to work under GEP. GEP does not apply to mainland residents of china. 3) Chinese residents, who cannot apply under GEP, but have the necessary skills and experience which is not available in HKSAR may apply to work under Admission scheme for “MAINLAND TALENTS AND PROFESSIONALS”. 4) The most important salient feature of this work visa immigration policy is that it is not only applicable for people in financial and commercial fields, but also in areas of culinary arts, sports, fine arts, performing arts and there is no cap on the number of people applying under this category. This unique feature of Hong Kong work permit truly makes Hong Kong a world city and this feature is a gem in their crown, which will truly go a long way in making Hong Kong a place bustling with talent, intellect and has proved to be extremely beneficial for economy of Hong Kong. 5) THE IANG/GEP DOES NOT APPLY TO NATIONALS OF AFGHANISTAN, CAMBODIA, CUBA, LAOS, NORTH KOREA, VIETNAM AND NEPAL. 6) Applicants who have continuously resided in Hong Kong for not less than 7 years are eligible to apply for the right of abode in Hong Kong. 7) Hong Kong does not grant citizenship to foreign professionals or business professionals. 8) Another interesting feature of Hong Kong immigration is that immediate family members (Spouse, children) are also granted residence permits and extended family members like parents who are above the age of 60 are also granted residence permits. 9) 3 categories under which an applicant can file for PR is (IANG/GEP/ASMTP). 10) HONG KONG now has a QUALITY MIGRATION ADMISSION SCHEME FOR HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION. IT IS A QUOTA BASED ENTRANT SCHEME.A candidate is not required to have a secured offer of local employment. It is an achievement based test and if you are invited you can also bring your spouse and dependents. It has 5 point scoring factors Minimum pass mark is set to 80 and result of each selection will be published on immigration department website. Applicants may regard their application as being under processing unless they receive notification of refusal from immigration department. Approval in principle letter is required to come to Hong Kong to attend interview and present originals of all documents to immigration department for verification. Issue of visa entry/permit If all documents are verified and all relevant procedures are finalized successful applicants will be issued with a visa permit. Qualification points General Age (MAXIMUM 30 POINTS) 18-39 30 40-44 20 45-50 15 51 OR ABOVE 0 PROFESSIONAL/ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS MAX 70 POINTS Doctoral degree 40 Masters degree 20 Bachelors 10 Additional points if from a renowed instt. 30 Work experience ` (MAX 55 POINTS) 10 years work experience, including 5 years in a senior role 40 5 yars, including 2 years in a senior role 30 Not less than 5 years graduate/specific work exp. 15 Not less than 2 years graduate work experience 5 Additional points with international work experience 15 LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY (MAX 20) Proficient in written and spoken Chinese (Putonghua/Cantonese) and English 20 Proficient in at least one foreign language in addition to Chinese or English 15 Being proficient in written and spoken Chinese and English 10 Family background (Maximum 20 points) At least one immediate family member is a Hong Kong PR residing in HK 5 Accompanying married spouse is educated to equivalent level of degree or above 5 5 points for each accompanying unmarried dependent child under age of 18 5-10 (Up to a maximum of 10 points for children) Additional 10 points in qualification region is only given if an applicant has studied in top 100 universities of the world. ISRAEL Israel is a state which is meant for Jews, was created in 1948, when Britain gave up their claim. Since the holocaust in Germany lots of countries were not letting in Jews, so Israel was created as a homeland for Jews. Israel borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. Its relations with the Arab states are bitter and only a few Arab states have recognized the existence of Israel. It lags in water resources, but has evolved a technology called drip irrigation. It has a unique solar powered technology for its energy needs. Its capital city is Jerusalem (which is disputed and UNITED NATIONS have told many countries to even move their consulates and diplomatic missions to move from Jerusalem). Official languages are Hebrew and Arabic and it is divided into 2 ethnic groups i.e. Jews and Arabic. It got independence from Britain in 1948 and it has a land area of just 20,770 square kilometres. It has a population of 8 million and is a developed nation. It has a very high position on HDI. One thing I would say about ISRAEL, that in spite of them facing so many problems, they have done pretty well, considering the fact they are surrounded by hostile neighbours and enemies. Egypt was even reluctant to let them use red sea for their shipping needs, but in spite of extreme scarcity of water resources they not only developed drip irrigation techniques, but now they are the leading source of water exports. A nation which is extremely tiny and even some countries deny their existence, to be in that kind of rut and even survive is a big thing. No other country has got that many problems as Israel got, but by their sheer determination they have carved a space for themselves. Israel’s universities are amongst the best in the world and they spend a sizable amount of money in RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Israel is supposed to have nuclear weapons and is not a signatory to nuclear weapons non proliferation treaty. It is a major exporter of weapons throughout the world and it keeps a secret, where it has supplied the weapons. Israel has maintained Jerusalem as its capital city which is of extreme strategic importance to Muslims due to presence of AL AQSA mosque, but it is also supposed to be of remarkable religious importance to Jews, Christians. This dispute between Israel and Palestine is one of potential nuclear flashpoints and is unlikely to be resolved within a few centuries just like Kashmir issue between India and Pakistan. Countries like Turkey, Azerbaijan and Egypt have somewhat maintained cordial relations with Israel but the rest of Arab world does not. Israel due to its strategic importance is a natural ally of United States, UK, Europe, India and Russia. It boasts of highly organized hospitals and medical infrastructure and even some patients from enemy countries like Palestine, Lebanon have received exceptionally good treatment at hospitals in Israel. Ever since its inception it has been on the receiving end. Israel also hosts a significant population of non citizen foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia. It due to its strategic geographical location is a gateway to Europe, Asia and Africa. Israel defines itself as a Jewish and a democratic state. The prime minister serves as head of government. It boasts of highest standard of living in Middle East and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Positive points about Israel 1) Enjoys good reputation with the developed world. 2) Ease to set up a new business in Israel. 3) Largest number of start-up companies after the United States. 4) It ranks 17th amongst world’s most economically developed nations. 5) Intensive development of agricultural and industrial sectors have made Israel self sufficient in food production. 6) Exporters of electronics, software communications, technology, medical equipment, pharmaceuticals, fruits, chemicals and cut diamonds. 7) Companies like IBM, GOOGLE, APPLE, HP, CISCO and MOTOROLA have developed research facilities there. Educational prospects in Israel Israel boasts of 9 public universities that are subsidized by the state. It has got top 100 universities in the world. Some of the famous universities are 1.) Hebrew university of Jerusalem 2.) Weizmam Institute 3.) Tel-Aviv university 4.) University of Haifa 5.) Ariel University Anyone considering studies in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Information technology, look no further, they have top rated faculty for these subjects. Israel is one of the 7 countries of the world to launch its own satellites. It has got 324 cars per 1,000 a relative low as far as developed countries are concerned. They have one of the best bus networks in the world. In spite of their ongoing problems with the Arab world, it has a high number of tourists coming there especially religious tourism. Israel has a large number of museums. France right now is the largest source of immigrants to Israel. IMMIGRATION AND VISAS 1.) Immigration visa 2.) A1 (temporary resident visa) 3.) A3( clergy visa) 4.) B1(work visa, granted by Interior ministry) Immigration visa LAW OF RETURN It determines the right of every Jew to immigrate to state of Israel. It is an expression of connection between Jewish people and their homeland. A Jew is a person born to a Jewish mother, who is convert to Judaism, and is not a member of any religion. The Jewish agency handles immigration to Israel, profiling candidates, providing guidance, seeing to absorption, referrals to immigration centres, places of employment etc. An aliyah emissary of Jewish agency is the one, who recommends a person, transfers application with his written recommendation to an official representative of Israel. The consular/diplomatic office has the final say in these matters. Those Jews who want to immigrate, if they wish to immigrate should contact aliyah representative of their area in which they reside. He gets issued an A1 temporary resident visa. Documents needed 1.) Certificate of good conduct 2.) Medical examination 3.) Fingerprint declaration 4.) A completed visa application A modification made in the law states that if anybody has converted to Judaism even outside Israel, it still holds valid. Israel currency is SHEKEL and 1 us dollar is equivalent t 3.60 Israeli shekel. Minimum wage in Israel is $1069 USD and minimum hourly wage is $5.75. A popular saying goes “Jerusalem prays, Haifa works and Tel Aviv plays”). There are lots of jobs available for English speakers in Haifa in the field of Hi-Tech, Medicine, Life sciences. ITALY It is a unitary parliamentary republic in south Europe. Italy borders France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland. It also has 2 islands Sardinia and Sicily. Its territory also includes islands of Pantelleria and Lampedusa. Two sovereign states of Vatican and San Marino are also within Italian enclaves. It has a population of 6 million approximately and is the 5th most populous country in Europe. Its capital city is Rome and it became a republic in June 1946. A geographical wonder called Mt. Blanc is the highest point in Italy and European Union. Italy maintains its cultural heritage because of Christian monks and Italian culture and social decline was basically due to repeated invasions by Germanic tribes, Normans. New era of prosperity began to dawn in 11th century because of discovery of new routes to far east and west. Italy suffered a long period of decline because of repeated invasions of France, Spain and Austria. Despite victory in the First World War, Italy went into decline with only Northern Italy and central Italy being the beneficiaries of economic revolution. The rural Italy and southern Italy had little or no impact of industrialization and economic reforms, despite the victory in First World War, rise of dictatorship was inevitable and soon economic discontent became a leading factor for rise of Mussolini in 1922. Italy is a major regional power with memberships of prominent institutions like UN/EU/NATO/OECD/WTO/G4/G7/G20. History The socialist agitations followed the agitations of Great War, inspired by the Russian revolution. It instilled a fear amongst liberal establishment that soviet style revolution will soon happen and it would lead t anarchy in Italy. In 1922 there was a coup, it was a failure. The king victor Emmanuel III appointed Mussolini, prime minister. Mussolini banned all political parties and it led to dictatorial regimes in Germany, Spain, France and elsewhere outside Europe. In 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia and as a consequence its subsequent withdrawal from the League of Nation. It was then followed by the annexations of Egypt and Somalia. Sicily was then invaded by allies in 1943 leading to fall of fascist regime, on September 1943 Italy surrendered. Germans set up a Nazi puppet state with Mussolini as a leader. Then a large anti fascist resistance movement, the resistenza surfaced. Hostilities ended in 1945 when German forces in Italy surrendered. Nearly half a million people died. Positive points about Italy 1.) 7th largest exporter of goods 2.) Highly populated 3.) Leading member of EU 4.) Founder of NATO 5.) Comparatively easier immigration policy as compared to their European peers. 6.) Leading power on the world stage 7.) Surplus solar energy 8.) Mecca of tourism and ancient roman civilization 9.) High income country with an elevated score in Human Development Index Negative points 1) It has an extremely high crime rate in comparison to developed nations. Mafia controls 9% of country’s GDP. 2) High levels of air pollution. 3) Industrial wastes from the north have spoiled the air/water quality. Industrial waste is not always disposed by legal means. 4) Deforestation, illegal building development, poor land management policies have led to land erosions and as a consequence floods and mud slides. Tourist attractions in Italy 1.) Florence cathedral 2.) Colosseum 3.) Roman forum 4.) Amalfi coast 5.) Mt. Elna 6.) Leaning tower of Pisa 7.) Lake Como 8.) Milan cathedral 9.) Vatican museum Italian immigration and visas 1. Student visa is the easiest, obtainable visa and it does not attract any fees. Italy boasts of some of the oldest universities in the world and if you have to study architecture, fine arts, business management, tourism related courses, theatre Italy is the place to be. Living expenses are reasonable and costs around 600 Euros (rental expenses). In a shared dwelling it is even cheaper. 2. Tourist visa to EU countries are cumbersome and lot of paperwork is involved Documents required for obtaining tourist visas to European countries are Passport, photos, income proof, travelling expenses, health insurance, flight itinerary, hotel bookings and most importantly proof that you will come back to your home country. WORK PERMITS It is difficult to obtain work permit and even if you are lucky, your prospective employer do the following documentation before you can make the presentation at the Italian consulate. 1) A job letter from a prospective employer, your employer must have a registered firm. 2) Proof that following vacancy is not replaceable by an EU citizen or Italian citizen. 3) Then the prospective employer has to obtain permission at the provincial level/ regional level /federal level that it is a bona fide job vacancy. After all these approvals are made then he can send you the documents. 4) Take the job letter along with the required documents to the consulate and appear for the interview. 5) Once work visa is arranged, fly there and get yourself registered with the local police authorities and take the receipt. That receipt must be shown to the police if requested. Then after that go to post office, fill the kit which the postal officer gives you. Only after he is satisfied will you be issued a residence permit. 6) That permit is valid for one year and every year you have to renew it. 7) After 5 years, you can file for permanent residence. 8) After PR, you have to live continuously for 5 years before you can file for Italian citizenship. 9) After obtaining Italian passport, work anywhere within EU without a permit Nationals of Canada, United States and other developed countries can obtain residence permits by buying a property and proving to the visa officer, proof of sustainability. Remember, you are granted right to residence but not to work. India India’s name is derived from Indus valley civilizations, one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Indus is based on a mighty river Sindhu. It comprises of 29 states and 7 union territories. It has got no national language of its own although English and Hindi are the two official languages used in India on a massive scale. It has got disputes with china and Pakistan regarding Kashmir, Aksai Chin, Siachen glacier, Junagadh. Some facts about India are as follows Capital New Delhi Largest city Mumbai National language none Independence from UK 15th august 1947 Republic 26th Jan 1950 Area 3,287,590 square kilometres Population 1.21 billion Density 381/square kilometre Per capita $1,625 HDI 135TH Drives on the Left Indian Ocean lies on the south, Arabian Sea on the North West, Bay of Bengal on the south east, and most populous democracy in the world. It shares land border with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and Bangladesh. Its islands are Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which share maritime border with Indonesia. It is home to Indus valley civilization which is known for its commercial and cultural wealth. Four major religions of the world Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism started here. When Judaism, Christianity and Islam originated it also shaped its identity. It was annexed by East India Company in the early 1700 and after the revolt of 1857 was directly brought under the control of British Empire. The Indian economy is the world’s 10th largest by GDP and 3rd largest by purchasing power parity. History of Indian sub-continent started about 75,000 years ago. Indus valley civilization flourished in North-Western part was the first major civilization. The Harappa culture, a significantly advanced culture came from 2600 to 1900 BC followed by Iron Age Vedic civilization. Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born in 6th or 5th century. Major empire was Mauryan Empire and numerous middle kingdoms also arise during the next 1500 years. Gupta Empire was classified as the Golden Age. 7-11th centuries saw the tripartite struggle of Pala Empire, Rashtrakuta Empire. In southern India Chalukya Empire, Cholas Empire, Pallava Empire Pandyan Empire was there. Muslim rule started when Delhi sultanate was established in 1206 CE. The Delhi sultanate ruled major parts of Northern India but declined due to Vijayanagara Empire, Mewar. In the 16th century mughals came and occupied most of India. British came in the late 18th century; large areas of India were annexed by east India Company. Dissatisfaction led to Indian rebellion of 1857 after which India was administered directly by British crown. During the first half of 20th century nationwide struggle was launched by Indian National Congress and Muslim League. The sub-continent gained independence from UK in 1947. India was partitioned into India and Pakistan and the princely states acceded to one of the new states. Natural resources of India India has abundance of natural resources. It has a total cultivable land area of 1,269,219 square kilometres. 57% of the land is under cultivation. It has the third largest fishing industry in the world. 6 million people are employed in fisheries sector. India’s major mineral resources are Coal (4th largest in the world) Iron ore, Manganese (7th largest reserve in the world) Mica, Bauxite (5th largest) It has large reserves of Chromites, Natural gas, Diamonds, Limestone. India’s oil reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan meet 25% of country’s demand. It has an 8129 kilometres long coast line. India has one of the second largest oil reserves in Asia Pacific after China. It has Considerable undeveloped reserves in off-shore Bay of Bengal and in Rajasthan. It is a net importer of oil. India has 1,437 billion cubic metres of confirmed natural gas reserves. The onshore field in Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat are also major producers of natural gas. Metallic minerals Zinc, iron ore, manganese, gold, Bauxite, Silver, Lead, Tin, Copper and Chromites. Major sources of copper are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand. India has 4th largest zinc reserves. It is the third largest exporter of iron. It has 200 million tonnes of chromites. Non metallic minerals Garnet production 8, 73,000 tonnes Wollastonite production 16 million tonnes Pyrophyllite 56 million tonnes of resources Marbles 1931 million tonnes of resource India is the 11th most favoured destination for multinational companies to set up headquarters. Investment option for NRI’S include 1. Food and beverage 2. Tourism 3. E-commerce 4. Technology 5. Gems 6. Jewellery 7. Garments However issues after independence seem to be increasing. Poverty, Corruption, terrorism(both external and internal) , unemployment, poor health care , extreme human rights violations , communal riots, food adulteration , poor sanitation, overpopulation, financial embezzlements by politicians and industrialists. Indian currency and Indian passport are not respected much in the global arena. Developed countries think twice before investing money into India’s economy because without giving kick-backs nothing productive happens. India has an extremely low position as far as ease of doing business is concerned. The main problem of corruption has its roots embedded in pre-colonial era. India was divided into princely states and after independence; these princely states were merged into one. These ex-royal people had the money, power and clout and they came into politics, and after coming into politics started amassing India’s wealth by corrupt means and exploiting tax-payers money. They still yield considerable influence and corruption, exploiting poor innocent people is in their blood and it is not going to change. Steps India should take to improve its world ranking in the HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX 1) The Production of generic medicines will do India a world of good as branded medicines are always expensive than generic medicines. 2) Forming a health card for every Indian as in other developed nations. Introduction of annual medical billing as against their health card no. Such as issued in Canada/elsewhere and billing against medical card should be there. Anyone having a house, vehicle should be given an annual medical bill of 5,000 rupees etc., the money collected should be utilized in bringing new machines, medical equipment and improving medical infrastructure. 3) Imposition of uniform civil code. Till the time imposition of civil code and one child policy is not successfully implemented in India, it will never become a developed nation. To come in the category of developed nation, an Indian citizen should be making $1000 plus every month. Nearly 40% of Indian citizens make an average of $1.25 per day. Do you think India would be able to ever break that barrier? Muslims in western countries live and contribute to their economy, yet don’t they obey western rules like uniform civil code? If they can, and yet Muslims there have no problems, why cannot India do the same? Some political parties have vested interests in just treating them as a vote bank and doing nothing to do their betterment. It creates stress in other minority groups as well as majority group and leads to rebellions. 4) Consequent rise in intolerance for people from North East. This will be a disaster for India, because people are discriminated owing to their appearances and geographical proximity. If this trend continues, one day they will accede to china. 5) Talk to any westerner regarding India and he will say “slum dog millionaire and colourful clothes”. Even small countries like PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Dominica, Bolivia, and North African Nations have better exchange rate than Indian currency. The real solution will be to bring back the black money stashed abroad, seize the religious trust money and bring the temples under federal control and pay off debt. By the end of this century 750 million Indians will be out of India. 6) Encourage more people from India to move overseas, as every overseas Indian has a sense of belonging and will send necessary remittances, which is beneficial for the country. No question of brain drain as plenty of brains in India. Travelling should be a must for Indians as every Indian should visit at least 5 countries and work 10 years overseas at least. It will help India in receiving foreign exchange and reduce population as more Indians will try to settle overseas. 7) Every state in India should be given a fixed target to bring foreign investment and targets should be revised against their performances. 8) FDI should be encouraged and companies like WALMART should be encouraged here because Indian companies will always adapt to illicit means to produce low quality products. If FDI’s are introduced people will get quality products and this in turn will put pressure on indigenous companies to produce quality products in order to survive. 9) Privatization in railways, Aviation sector should be encouraged. 10) An annual cap on the number of vehicles being manufactured should be imposed to control air pollution. (NEW DELHI) is given the dubious distinction of being the most air polluted city in the world. 11) India has to take harsh steps to combat corruption. Till the time they cannot eradicate corruption & kickbacks rich countries will think twice before investing money in India. Charge those who are guilty of corruption and freeze their assets. It is a far cry and I don’t see it happening in the near future. India’s dream of coming into the league of developed nations is going to remain a dream. It will never make it in the list of developed nations. Positive points about India 1.) In spite of being a developing nation, India has been a hot spot for medical tourism. It boasts of some world class hospitals and people from west come in for surgeries, because back there waiting lists are really long. 2.) Lots of places for tourism 3.) Largest telecom and railway network in the world. 4.) One of the largest wholesale markets in Asia 5.) Ever Booming housing market 6.) Good academic environment 7.) Easy to sell anything in India 8.) Good business potential. 9.) Sufficient cheap manpower. Immigration and visas India does not support dual nationality. Following categories of visas are available. 1. Tourist visa 2. Business visa 3. Work visa 4. Student visa 5. PIO CARD 6. OCI CARD 1. Tourist visas are easily available at any Indian consulate overseas for a period of 6 months. You cannot stay in India for more than 6 months on a tourist visa. 2. Work visa (E Visa) foreign nationals are eligible to work in India if their salary is more than $25,000 in India. It has got a maximum of 5 year validity. 3. Business visa is valid for 5 years, maximum stay up to 6 months. 4. PIO Cards are valid for 15 years. 5. OCI Cards are valid life-long. Many people confuse OCI with dual nationality. You just get a permanent resident card of India, with no voting rights and no buying of agricultural property and no government jobs. Persons outside age group of 21-50 will have to get a new OCI card, whenever they get a new passport issued. OCI and PIO CARDS are issued to foreign nationals if they are of Indian origin, and their parents or grandparents were Indian citizens. No registrations or renewals required with these cards. Business visa eligibility requirements 1. Valid travel document 2. Assured financial standing, proof of financial standing 3. No money lending activities in India 4. Payment of all tax liabilities 5. The business visa must be issued from the country of origin. LATVIA Latvia, a country split from Soviet Union, a member of EU and with its easy connectivity to Russia and Europe now provides immigration opportunities to Self Employed people and businessmen. The main advantage of getting Latvian temporary trade permit is 1) Provides an applicant opportunity to set up business there. 2) You can even do passive investment and still have access to Latvia and other Shenzhen countries. 3) Provides businessmen and their families with an opportunity to move to Europe and enjoy its life-style. Later on after setting up a successful business enterprise, you can renew your permit and after living there some time 5 years on TRP, 5 years on PR, you can file for LATVIAN CITIZENSHIP. Advantages of moving to Latvia over other western countries are as follows. 1) Lesser known and encouraging business immigrants to establish there. 2) Lesser known territory and as a consequence a little easy to establish a new business there. 3) Ample opportunities will be there because central Asia has huge oil reserves, so transport sector will benefit of Europe’s interconnectivity and hence anybody with experience in trucking and shipping containers will benefit hugely in Latvia. 4) Latvia has big shipping and affordable ports, which makes it an attractive transit point for transportation in North Europe. 5) Latvia is famous for amber, a metal considered more costly than gold in ancient times. Merchants used to buy amber during their travel routes from North Europe to Russian empire & east Europe. 6) Latvia provides ample opportunities for investors in real estate, education, tourism, transport sector. 7) Setting up English language schools are a big plus, since their neighbouring Estonia has a huge demand of English teachers. If the training schools have competitive fee-structure & get recognition from Latvian government, a huge section of students from Saudi Arabia/Switzerland can be diverted there as they won’t have to fly to expensive and far destinations to achieve their aims. 8) Most of the investment is flowing from countries like Russia/Kazakhstan, wealthy Arabs and Chinese. It is famous for its breathtaking beaches. 9) Business connected with oil and natural gas, as Latvia has largest underground gas storage facilities in Baltic States. Latvia joined Euro zone in 2004 and is an active member of NATO. It enjoys a very high HDI (HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX) ranking 44th in the world. The languages spoken are Latvian, Russian and English. It has a population of 2 million. Ways to get TRP (TEMPORARY RESIDENT PERMIT) and then PR in Latvia 1.) Investment in property at least 2, 50,000 Euros. 2.) Investment in a Latvian business. Although less than 5% will make Latvia their home, most of the investors will probably live in countries like Germany, Austria, France and Spain. However with it’s close proximity to Scandinavian countries (FINLAND/NORWAY/SWEDEN), it should be no. 1 choice of investors. Major cities in Latvia 1) Riga 2) Jurmala 3) Jelgava 4) Liepaja 5) Ventspils 6) Valmiera History, Governance and some facts about Latvia It is a parliamentary republic which got declared in 18 Nov. 1918 and got recognized on 26 JAN 1921. Then soviets again re-occupied it in 1940. There was a brief German occupation for 3 years and again Russians re-occupied it and it lasted 44 years. Then eventually it got independence in 1991 and it got EU in 2004. Its main religion is protestant Lutheran and official language is Latvian. National sports are ice hockey and basketball. Healthcare Largely funded thru government taxation policies, Latvian health-care is in decline due to long waiting periods, non availability of latest medications. Hospitals are being cut down. Widespread corruption in Latvian Healthcare due to poor salaries, falling health system have resulted in brain drain to other parts of Europe. Latvia has direct flight connections to 80 destinations in 30 countries. Air Baltic (National Carrier is affordable and if you constantly fly to Europe, choose this airline due to economic fares). Economy Latvia is regarded as Argentina of Europe. Economy has been stable. Unemployment is at 9%. Places of interest in Latvia 1.) Freedom monument , located in Riga(just like Azadi tower in Iran) 2.) St. Peter’s church, Riga 3.) Rimdale palace 4.) Turaida castle 5.) Museum of occupation in Latvia 6.) Riga zoo 7.) Latvian war museum 8.) Riga aviation museum 9.) Latvian railway history museum Most important points of Latvian immigration. 1.) Member of EU since 2004. 2.) Schengen member 3.) Comparative low cost of living Currently there are 2 options for immigration to Latvia. 1.) Business investor program An applicant has to make an investment of 80,000 Euros and he will become a board member of Latvian Co. It will take 2-3 months to get LATVIAN TRP. 3) Real estate investment program An applicant has to invest minimum 2, 50,000 Euros to buy property in LATVIA. It will take 3 months to get TRP. Non EU INVESTORS will get a temporary 1 year TRP, which they can renew after 1 year. It is a biometric ID which allows you to live and work anywhere in EU. (2, 50,000 Euros and 5% state fee). Non EU investors have to be physically present in Latvia to renew their permit. It will take 2-3 weeks to get it. 3000 resident permits are based on investment alone. Success rate in business immigration is at 97%. All real estate taxes should be paid. You cannot obtain loan from the bank to buy property. Funds must be in your name and should be in your a/c. Real estate should be purchased from a EU resident or a LATVIAN resident. Morocco Morocco is a country in North Africa located in the Maghreb region. The name of the country is made by combination of French and Spanish i.e. Maracas. It also claims the land of Western Sahara as its own and till now dispute has not been settled. It annexed the territory in 1975, leading to guerrilla war with Indigenous forces until ceasefire in 1991. In Turkish, Morocco is called Fas. Rabat is the capital city and Casablanca as its largest city. It shares the unique combination of Atlantic Coastline as well as Mediterranean Sea. Only 2 other countries in the Europe share this unique coastline. These two countries are Portugal and Spain. Languages spoken in this country are French, Berber and Arabic. Morocco was co-incidentally the first country to recognize independence of United States of America. Its culture is a mix of Sub-Saharan, Islamic and European influences. Its main religion is Sunni Islam. It runs a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Some facts about Morocco Total land area 446550 square kilometres Population 33,250,000 Per capita $5,699 HDI 129TH Currency Dirham Morocco economy is a liberal economy driven by law of supply and demand. Since 1993 country has followed policy of privatization. It has been ranked as the 1st African country by quality of life index ahead of South Africa. Its main industries are Mining, construction and manufacturing. Tourism, information technology and textiles are also the major industries. Tourism brings in millions of dollars in Morocco and government of Morocco plans to make it a world tourist destination by 2020. It is cheap because of de-evaluation of its dirham and increase of hotel prices in Spain. Excellent road network and cheap air travel coupled with close proximity to South Europe make it a no. 1 favourite spot of westerners. Casablanca has the best developed market for tourists in morocco. Adventure tourism has been boasted by Atlas and Rif mountains. They are also developing tourism like Tunisia. Agriculture, Tourism, Phosphate, fisheries are very important aspects of Morocco’s economy. It has got 10% unemployment and is $20 billion debt. It gets most of its electricity from coal and is going big time in construction of solar system farms to lessen dependence on fossil fuels. The average monthly income in morocco is a measly 220 Euros. Negative aspect of Morocco 80% of cannabis comes from Rif region of Morocco. It serves as a transit point for Cocaine from Latin America to Europe. Education It is free and compulsory through primary school. It has got one of the oldest universities in the world. Morocco has got one of the best post-graduate schools especially in Mineral industry and electrical sciences. IMMIGRATION AND VISAS Tourist visas are issued for 3 months. Lots of countries do not require a visa to travel to morocco. Business visas are also issued for 3 months. You need an invitation letter to visit morocco on business visa. Residence permit You have to enter the country on a short term residence visa, and then apply for permanent residency in Morocco. You have to apply within 2 weeks of landing there. You should have a clean medical history and no criminal record plus you need to prove a source of income to sustain there. Tourist attractions in Morocco OIZOUD FALLS MENARA GARDENS IN SUNSET New Zealand It is a small country based south east of Australia. It comprises of two islands i.e. North Island and South Island. North Island comprises Auckland and wellington. South island comprises Christchurch and Dunedin. Auckland is the biggest city of New Zealand. It is also called city of Sails. New Zealand has a relatively small population of 4 million. It has friendly relations with Australia and Australian citizens can live and work in New Zealand whereas New Zealand citizens can live and work without any visa hassles. However as Govt. Pension and other benefits are concerned, they are not applicable for them. New Zealand, similar to Australia and Canada has a points test to enable the entry of skilled people in New Zealand on a permanent basis. An applicant can qualify if they meet the required criteria of 100 pts. Once you meet the required criteria, your application is put in the pool. To get an invitation, you have to get more points. The more points you get over 100, the better it is, otherwise your expression of interest is dislodged and you have to apply again. First step, let’s assess your points by yourself and if you make well over 100, then the chances of your application to be invited are better. Points are awarded for age/qualification/work-experience/spousal qualifications/job offer in New Zealand/Study in New Zealand /job offer in a New Zealand designated area. Points test Work experience 2 years of overseas work experience 10 points 4 years of overseas work experience 15 points 6 years of overseas work experience 20 points 8 years of overseas work experience 25 points 10 years of overseas work experience 30 points Qualifications Recognised basic qualification (trade qualification, diploma, bachelor’s degree, bachelor’s degree with honours) 50 points Recognised post graduate (Master’s degree or Doctorate) 55 points Work experience in New Zealand 2 years 5 points 4 years 10 points 6 years 15 points Spousal qualifications Conditions Partner is included in application It meets the English language requirements Both have been living together for 12 months in a partnership which is genuine. 10 points Qualifications in New Zealand Recognized New Zealand study (at least 2 years) 10 points Qualification in NZ in absolute skill shortage area 5 points AGE (20 TO 55 YEARS) 1.) 20-29 years 30 points 2.) 30-39 years 25 points 3.) 40-44 years 20 points 4.) 45-49 years 10 points 5.) 50-55 years 5 points Further an applicant should have a clean Police record. 1.) Good health 2.) No convictions/pending court cases 3.) No human rights violations 4.) Reasonable knowledge of English 5.) Academic skills in compliance with your professional skills Upon arrival in New Zealand an applicant is given a time of 9 months to get a job. If you are successful then you are granted permanent residence. PANAMA Panama is a country situated on the southern most part of Central America and on the northern part Costa Rica is located and on the Southern part Colombia is located. Panama was under Spanish control till 1821 and then it got independence from Colombia in 1903 with United States help. America played a key role in liberating Panama from Colombia. Its aim is to protect American interests in panama. Its capital city is PANAMA CITY and official language is Spanish and it has a presidential constitutional republic. Its size is even smaller than American province of North Carolina. It ranks 45th on the HDI and drives on the right. Panama was settled by Spanish in 16th century. After it broke with Spain, it joined union of Granada, Ecuador, Venezuela. When Gran Colombia later dissolved, Panama and GRANADA remained together. It was named Nuevo Granada. Nuevo Granada later became republic of Colombia, after it seceded from Panama. Panama is the second largest economy in Central America and a significant proportion of its GDP comes from the toll taxes at Panama Canal. Panama is home to tropical plants, animals and wildlife found nowhere in the world. The name “Panama” has an interesting story. Some say it means butterflies, while a popular saying is when people explored it, there was a fishing village in the name of Panama. Meanwhile the most popular notion is it means an abundance of “fish, trees and butterflies”. As what happened to first nations in Canada, aboriginals in Australia, Maoris in New Zealand since the advent of European settlers, they bought many infectious diseases and they nearly disappeared as a result of non-immunity to these infectious diseases. Experts opine that prior to settlement of Europeans, Native American people indulged in pottery making. Some of the finest pottery comes from Panama. Panama got discovered when European sailors came here in search of Gold. Rodrigo de Bastidas was the first European to discover Isthmus of Panama. Later on Europeans concluded that Panama is indeed the pathways between the seas. Gold and silver were bought by ships from South America and was hauled through isthmus to Europe. The route became known as Camino real, because of abundance of gravesites along the way. The control of Panama was paramount for Spain; because it was the easiest route to take silver mined in Peru, bought to isthmus, shipped to Caribbean and from there sent to Spain. But Spanish had little control over panama and en-route their cargo was looted by Dutch, British and African pirates. Ultimately they had to make a compromise with them. Panama signed the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with United States. This treaty gave sovereign rights to United States in a zone 16 kilometres wide and 80 kilometres long. In that zone, United States will build a canal, fortify it and defend it and administer it according to their will. In the early 1960’s there was a sustained pressure for renegotiation of this treaty. In the early 70’s till 88-89 there was military dictatorship in Panama, which was supported by USA. Lots of people from China started coming here to move to United States from there. In that process, panama started making huge money i the illegal human trafficking racket. Soon crime flourished and it became a haven for drug smuggling, illegal human trafficking and organized crime. IMMIGRATION TO PANAMA Panama’s program for retirement is the best in the world. No age limit to qualify for Pensionado visa program. An applicant needs to be able to prove a monthly pension or retirement income of $1,000 from a government or corporation, plus 250 for each dependent. Certified pension income, stamped by Panama embassy in your country of origin, plus a valid passport and a clear police record for past 5 years. Other conditions 1) You must use Panama lawyer to assist you in immigration process. 2) Pass a medical test on arrival in Panama and be tested free HIV. Your legal representative should present you at Doctor’s office. They will guide you through immigration office, once to register your documents and second time to have your photograph taken and be presented with your I-Card. Carry this card at all times. If you don’t you can be fined for it. If you haven’t received your carnet carry your passport at all times. 3) Legal expenses and fee is around $1500. Documents needed 1) Passport copy, duly notarized by Panama public notary. 2) 4 passport size copies 3) Original passport 4) Police report duly authenticated by Panama Consulate. 5) Medical certificate 6) Payment to National Treasure of $250 and $800 to immigration office for repatriation deposit. 7) Sworn declaration form 8) Power of attorney and application via an attorney. 9) In case you buy a house for 1, 00,000 USD you only have to show fixed retirement income of $750. If the proof of funds is from a private organization provide the following documents. 1) Copy of bank statement 2) Certificate of good standing which proves existence of company, that is granting the pension and responsible for administration of funds. Benefits of Pensionado visa 1) Tax exemption to import a car. 2) Tax exemption for households up to 10,000 USD. 3) Other retirement benefits. 4) 25% off airfares, 50% of hotels, 25% off restaurant meals, 10% off medications, 20% of doctors, 15% off hospital care. The immigration process should start before you leave your home country. Once you arrive in Panama as a tourist, you will be able to stay for 90 days. This can be extended by another 90 days. Qualifying for PR takes 30-60 days depending upon time of the year and availability of officials. Your home country license is valid for 90 days. After that avail international driving license. PANAMA FRIENDLY NATION VISA Countries with which Panama has friendly ties will get their PERMANENT RESIDENCE expedited. You cannot open a retail business in PANAMA. You need t invest in a panama company. BENEFITS 1) Spouse, children and parents also benefit. 2) No tax on interest, no income tax, no inheritance tax on foreign capital. EXECUTIVE DECREE 343 FOR WORK/BUSINESS IN PANAMA Panama is opening doors for professionally active expats who may not qualify for PENSIONADO STATUS. It is called executive Decree 343, for nationals of specific countries, who want to work in Panama. Open to expats from United States, Canada and England. 1) Deposit $5,000 in a local bank a/c. Plus an additional sum of $2,000 for each dependent. 2) Employment letter from a business in panama. Number of foreigners taking up panama jobs cannot exceed 10% of total employees. Categories under an applicant can apply for a work permit 1) Married to someone of panama nationality 2) Have more than 10 years of residency 3) Are an expert technical worker. 4) Works in a company that has less than 10 workers. 5) Works as an executive in company in CANAL FREE ZONE (A FREE TRADE AREA AT ATLANTIC ENTRANCE TO PANAMA CANAL). Russia Russia is the largest country of the world and a book about various countries and their immigration policies without covering one of the most interesting countries and which still has a large potential left, will be deemed incomplete. Though many people in the developing world think, Russia is finished since the breakdown of Soviet Union are mistaken , because Russia still has large resources of minerals, metals, natural gas deposits left in the world. Europe cannot survive without Russia. This region of central Asia plus Russian federation has got largest source of natural gas, which will be consumed by developing and developed countries across the world. A very ambitious project starting from south Asia and extending to central Asia will be starting in a few decades and it will be a project worth trillions of dollars, which will go a long way in stabilising economies of central Asian countries like Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and these countries will benefit maximum from the transportation and storage of natural gas. Sooner or later these countries will be developed nations, just like Latvia after splitting from Soviet Union did so. These countries along with Russia are like Argentina of Central Asia. Russia will be the key player as regards construction and maintenance of infrastructure is concerned. Another important fact regarding immigration is that third world countries are involved in fights with each other, and countries like India, Pakistan etc. lack the will and maturity to solve their problems. They are burdened with issues like population explosion, pollution, corruption, dwindling medical infrastructure and they will never join the league of developed nations. Within 75 years from now, 750 million Indians will leave India due to these core issues. West is only going to accept a few and not many middle class Indians will have the resources to go there. So countries like Russia will be a little easier to go and medical infrastructure, employment opportunities will be better as compared to India, so it makes sense to go there. Some facts about Russia Largest city Moscow Official Language Russian Ethnic group Russians, Tatars, Ukrainians, Chechen, Chuvash and others Demonym Russian Total Area 17,098,242 square kilometres Population 143 Million HDI 57th Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, North Korea, Kazakhstan, Poland, Belarus, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, China and North Korea. It was run by East Slavs, later invaded by Mongols. Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually re-unified the surrounding Russia Municipalities and achieved independence. By 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation and exploration to become the Russian empire, which was the 3rd largest in history. Russia is one of the five nuclear power states and is the largest source of weapons of mass destruction. It is a permanent member of G20, Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation, WTO, and Commonwealth of Independent States. One interesting feature about Russia is that people are healthy because of extremely low population density, a feature absent in Europe and Asia. Russia survived the plague because of better hygienic conditions and low population density, which Europe could not escape. On 25 December 1991 Russia was divided into 15 post Soviet States. IMMIGRATION TO RUSSIA Russia has the 2nd largest source of illegal immigrants. Illegal immigrants come from countries like central Asia because of poor quality of life and resources in their countries. There are number of categories under which an applicant can go to Russia. 1.) Tourist visa 2.) Student visa 3.) Business visa 4.) Work permit 5.) Temporary business visa 6.) Permanent residence visa Tourist Visa Apply online for visa to Russia, usually duration is for a month and for developing countries it takes 2 days to process your application. A citizen can apply for Russian tourist visa from his/her citizenship country only. Only in cases where he/she has got residence status there, he can apply for tourist visa. Check the Russian consulate for more details. Tourist visa for American citizens can be up to 3 years. Business Russian visas Business Russian visa have to be by invitation by FMS. It has to go through an approval from MFA (MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS). You need to have a business invitation; they will process your invitation letter and once subsequent approval is obtained, only then will you get a business visa. Business visa applicants from EU/Japan/AMERICA do not need a clearance from the ministry of foreign affairs. Only an invitation from the letterhead of the company is sufficient. Work visas Work visas in Russia are cumbersome and difficult to obtain. That company who wants to sponsor you have to get permission for Russian authorities and have to apply well before a year as there is a quota system for each country. Following procedures have to be followed to do this 1. One year approval for need of foreign workers. 2. Accreditation in local department of FMS. 3. Placement of vacancy in administration of civil services of employment of people. 4. Permit to employ foreigners in FMS. 5. Work permit for foreigners (plastic card). 6. Work visa invitation for foreigners. 7. Receipt of singe entry work visa for 90 days. 8. Notification about beginning of work and also about dismissal of foreigners into local departments of federal tax services, employment centre. Contact for more information Visa house Tel +7(495)721-10-21 CIS countries do not require a work visa to work in Russia. TRP (TEMPORARY RESIDENT PERMIT) There are companies in Russia (law firms) who are willing to get you a TRP on a fee of 100000 roubles. But they do not take any guarantees and in case your TRP is refused, you will never see your money again. Basically they get some Russian family who is willing to register you at their address and all the family members should also be willing to accommodate you. When your TRP interview comes, the whole family should be willing to go with you at the immigration office. Bottom line is you need a family /friend in Russia to accomplish this. SINGAPORE Singapore got independence from United Kingdom in 1963 and consequently fearing its small land and water resources merged with Malaysia and ultimately got expulsion from Malaysia in 1965, just 2 years after joining with Malaysia. Its capital city is Singapore and official languages are English, Malay, Tamil and Mandarin. It has a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic. Singapore has a total land area of 716 square kilometres, consequently making it one of the smallest countries in the world. It has a total population of 5.4 million approximately and population density of 7,540/square kilometres making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It has a per capita income of $64,000 approximately making it one of the highest in the world. It has been ranked extremely high in Human development index (9th). Singapore is an island nation joined to Malaysia by straits of Johar to north and from Indonesia Riau Islands by Singapore Strait to the south. Country is highly urbanized and is pretty much like Hong Kong. Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford raffles as a trading post of East India Company/ the British got control over Singapore in 1824 and Singapore became a British colony. Singapore got independence from English in 1963 and then united with Malaysia. Singapore has got recognition as four Asian tigers. It is one of the world commercial centres. It has got one of the biggest shipping posts. One negative aspect of Singapore is that it has got some high income inequalities in the world. Out of 5 million people who live in Singapore over 2 million are foreign born. Over 2 million are foreign born. Over 75% are Chinese, the rest Malays, Indians and Eurasians. Singapore has been classified as quite strict, because of low press freedom and suppressed civil liberties and political rights. Singapore is quite active politically and it is one of the members of non aligned countries, member of East Asia summit. Singapore close allies are Australia and Israel because of land depravity some of its headquarters are based in Western Australia and Israel have also deployed its air force personnel to protect itself from Malaysian invasion. One of the most interesting parameters in Singapore history is that just after joining Malaysia, there were always differences with the Malaysian mindset. Malaysia was aware of Singapore influence and feared that Kuala Lumpur’s charm, attractiveness and economic clout would be overshadowed by Singapore. Culture clash is one of the main reasons, Islamic dominated Malaysia did not like the Buddhist culture and a consequence started working detrimentally towards Singapore interests. Economy of Singapore fell flat and there were riots between Singaporeans and Malaysians. Then during an act of parliament, Singapore got expulsion from Malaysia with a 126-0 voting. The Buddhist dominated small island nation was in need of friends because of Islamic dominated states of Malaysia and Indonesia. Because of fear of invasion it set up friendly ties with the west. Australia is Singapore’s closest ally and Israel is one of its best friends. This friendship worked well and Singapore developed its economic clout further and within a few years became a developed nation. Business and work prospects in Singapore. 1.) Singapore does not place any caps on qualified individuals coming there. A very welcoming place. 2.) Tax structure is low. 3.) Transport system is extremely efficient. 4.) Food is inexpensive, diverse. 5.) Medical infrastructure is highly established. Good hospitals, which are one of the best in Asia, are there. 6.) People have good command over English. 7.) Comfortable and convenient access point to other parts of the world. 8.) A Singapore citizen/PR does not need any kind of visa to go to developed world. 9.) Singapore has emerged as a major hub for academics, tourist activities. Everyday hundreds of students from Malaysia cross over to Singapore for education, because Singapore has better education, job prospects than Malaysia. Immigration to Singapore Singapore does not put any caps on qualified professionals. Unemployment is very low so work visas are a shade easier to get than western countries. Singapore offers residence permits to highly qualified professionals. If you have a valid job offer from a registered company in Singapore, a genuine offer of employment and your academic/work experience is good and you have been offered $4,000 plus perks per month you can avail residence for highly skilled personnel (EP). If you have been offered a job letter and your salary structure have been decided at $2200 per month then you do not need a degree, just a technical diploma is good enough. In both the cases, you have right to residence and eventually after a few yearly renewals, a stable job history, no criminal background you can avail PR. SINGAPORE CITIZENSHIP 1.) An individual who has been on permanent residence for 2-6 years/stable job history/no criminal background and has contributed to Singapore culturally as well as economically can avail of Singapore citizenship. You must also have a positive intent to stay in Singapore permanently. Before going to file for Singapore citizenship, check with the immigration officials for a positive assessment, whether you full fill all the criteria in order to avoid disappointment further. 2.) An individual born to Singapore parents. At least one of the individuals should be a Singaporean citizen. 3.) An individual married to a Singaporean. The marriage should be at least 2 years old. Documents needed to file for employment pass (EP) 1.) EP application form 8 2.) Resume 3.) Copy of applicant’s passport 4.) Activity profile of the company 5.) Description of duties to be performed by the employer Complete the application kit and forward it to MOM. (Ministry of manpower) . It is better if you submit it manually because all the requisite documents can go along with that. Processing time generally varies between 3-6 weeks. Once your application is approved, you will have to travel to Singapore to collect your IPA. However for job offers which offer $2200 per month(S PASS), you have to renew it for 4-5 times before you can eventually file for permanent residence. Also remember in S pass scheme there is a quota for that. S pass is issued for 1-2 years and is renewable as long as the applicant is employed by the company. Tourist attractions in Singapore 1.) Singapore flyer 2.) Singapore zoo 3.) Singapore botanical gardens 4.) Universal studios 5.) Night safari 6.) Jurong bird park 7.) Malay heritage centre 8.) Marine life park 9.) Underwater world Singapore has a zero tolerance policy towards crime. They have one of the highest per capita executions in the world. They have mandatory death sentences for crimes related to murder, and if you are caught dealing in drugs, you will be hanged to death. Due to Chinese influence they have maintained that policy. UNITED KINGDOM It comprises of England, Scotland, Wales and N. Ireland. it is connected to continental Europe through an underwater tunnel which is the longest underwater tunnel in the world. It is located on the northwest part of Continental Europe. It still comprises of 14 overseas territories spread as far as Southeast corner of Argentina. It is the founding member of British Commonwealth and it is a full-fledged member of NATO, WTO, EU and OECD. It plays an important role in world politics due to its alliance with United States. It spends a lot of money on defence equipment, nuclear programme and its academic excellence is the best in the world. English, its native language has spread to remote corners of the globe and even in a country like India where English is not the national language, it is even hard to get a job if you don’t know English. Even some reputed engineering colleges in India would not give admissions to deserving candidates, if they do not know reasonable English. Due to spread of English, it has managed to retain its unique place in the world. London is like a Mecca of world’s metropolis cities. It is always on the move and if you ever happen to visit there, it is like a world in itself with its usual hustle and bustle, sporting activities ,transport networks, top quality food from pretty much all across the world. It is a place worth visiting. Just as a saying goes “if you are tired of London, you are tired of life”. Immigration and visas There are number of categories under which you can file for immigration to United Kingdom. If you have your grandparents as British citizens and you never lived in Britain still you can file for ILR (indefinite leave to remain in Britain). You have to prove that your ancestors were born there and you need to have ancestry records which will be verified later. That is a scenario which is less likely to happen as United Kingdom since 2010 has made immigration for people outside the EU really hard. They had this thing embedded in their psyche, in order to preserve their cultural heritage; they should maintain immigration from EU at a healthy rate. Immigration outside the EU is not really good for them. The earlier program HSMP which was introduced in the early 2002 was really successful, by that method any skilled or talented immigrant from anywhere in the world can migrate to UK just based on their education, professional skills and work experience. Not anymore, they have replaced that program with the TIER programs for permanent residence to UK. 1. TIER 1, 2,3,4,5. 2. Family visas 3. Tourist visas 4. Study visas 5. Work visas Countries from EU/EEA/AMERICA/CANADA and other developed nations do not require transit or visitor visa. Tier 1 visa is sub-divided into 3 categories Tier 1 entrepreneur An applicant should have at least 50,000 pounds to invest in UK by taking over or setting a UK business. Tier 1 investor An applicant should have at least 1 million pounds to invest in UK. Tier 1 graduate An applicant should be a UK university graduate. For people already in UK, they can apply. Tier 1 exceptional talent Exceptionally talented people, working in arts/science. You still have to be sponsored by an employer. Tier 2 visa It is the most popular visa and is currently capped at 20,700 applicants. An applicant should have a valid job offer from an authorized company which is validated by UK government plus the firm should demonstrate that there is a skill shortage i.e. a position which cannot be filled by a local/EU CITIZEN, plus an alien’s employment will create adequate skill transfer along with skill enhancement for locals. Besides from 2016 onwards, only people making 35,000 pounds annually can file for ILR (INDEFINITE LEAVE TO REMAIN) in UK. An applicant has to score at least 70 points. 1.) 50 points for a job offer. 2.) 10 points for funds 3.) 10 to 20 points based on qualifications. 4.) Points based on age. It is really difficult to get a permanent job offer in UK. If u get one you are Lucky!!!!!! Tier 2 is further sub categorized into 4 categories 1.) Tier 2 general 2.) Tier 2 sportsman 3.) Intra company transfer 4.) Minister of religion Tier 3 It was designed to meet temporary unskilled worker shortage. It is closed now. It was intended for Romanians and Bulgarians for seasonal agricultural work. Tier 4 Student visas in UK are not difficult to obtain. An applicant needs to have good grades, good English speaking skills, be sharp and focused and most importantly money in their wallet. “How deep is your wallet? “ UK is the no. 1 destination of students in the world, and it is really expensive too. Tier 5 It is designed for hiring temporary workers of diplomatic staff and private household workers permit in diplomatic households. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA United States is one of the largest democracies of the world. It is also one of the largest countries of the world 3rd or 4th. It covers 50 states in mainland United States and possess some habituated and un-inhabited territories in Caribbean and mid pacific. United States was originally settled by British. The 13 colonies that were settled by British south of great lakes were not comfortable with the French population of Quebec, and ultimately they declared independence on 4th July 1776. Subsequently there were wars between British and Americans over Canada, as a result thousands of ships with immigrants from impoverished families migrated to Canada in a bid t settle that part of the world. Since the Oregon treaty(all territories north of 49th parallel ) were with Canada and the rest with united states, there has been peace , which paved the way for development in north America. The participation of North America in the First World War led to its rise as a superpower and 2nd world war made America pretty much the sole superpower of the world. Since then it has close and friendly relations with Canada, Mexico, UK, Europe, Australia and South Africa. A saying goes “GOD, GUNS AND GUTS MADE AMERICA WHAT IT IS TODAY” holds true since Americans have a high sense of self-worth, strong work ethic and most important factor is world’s largest spender in education. Barrack Obama, their current president has made a very important remark” In a few decades from now, America is going to have tough competition in fields of science and mathematics and that challenge will be from Indians and Chinese”. This remark should be taken very seriously as not many American kids want to study science and mathematics. Catching them young, inculcating scientific temperament and offering more scholarships to lower middle class will do the trick. United States is the world’s 3rd largest producer of oil and has been the no.1 country of the world in production of agricultural commodities like soya. Food brands like Hershey’s, Kellogg’s, and Coca-Cola which have become a household name all over the world and one cannot live without them. No other country has won as many Nobel prizes in the world as much as United States. United States spends billions of dollars in scientific research and development and many eminent scientists of the world have been from the United States like Albert Einstein, Fermi etc. It is because of rise of Nazism in Germany, Europe became less flexible for independence of thoughts and expression, innovations and as a result the intellectual powerhouse of European continent emigrated. United States is one of the few countries which have a diversity of climates. On one hand there are places like Oregon, Washington (which closely resemble Canada) and on the other hand warm places like Florida, Texas, Georgia, New Mexico and Arizona. The abolition of slavery played a key role in African Americans integrating into the mainstream society. The living conditions for them were a lot better than for them elsewhere and as a result, number of athletes from African American backgrounds have made America proud by winning Olympic medals, grand slam titles. America in fact benefitted from having an open mind, a tolerance for diversity and as a result became an extremely wealthy, prosperous country of the world. It has some issues but along the road, if a nation has made enemies, that means somewhere along the line it has maintained its thought, which it deems right, only makes it stronger. That is how an individual or a nation emerges stronger by maintaining its unique thought process, in spite of tough resistance and that is how history is created. Positive points about United States 1.) A huge country 2.) A country known for its high educational standards. The world’s best universities and colleges are based there. 3.) Extremely good highway transport system. The Interstate which is based like that i.e. All the odd numbered highways will run vertical from north to south and will be in ascending order from west to east, all the highways will be even numbered from west to east and will run in descending order from North to South, I-84, I-80 will be in descending order from north to south. You don’t even need a map book if you are travelling there. 4.) Reliable and affordable airlines and train network throughout the country. 5.) Visa free travel for American citizens to more than 150 countries across the world. 6.) A world leader in producing pharmaceuticals, aviation, electronics, entertainment industry and they have left their mark everywhere. 7.) Majority of Americans have firm faith in God. 8.) An extremely high HDI ranking and a high per capital income Issues affecting United States 1. 11.2 million Undocumented illegal workers, who despite living in United States live on slave wages. Wages that would put even someone from a developing world seem richer. 2. Providing subsidized Medicare to all its citizens. Many Americans cross border and bring medicines from Canada which are a bit cheaper. 3. National debt has risen to 106% of total GDP. One generation of America will spend their whole life-time paying debt. 4. Security issues. 5. Travelling with an American passport can be challenging outside Europe and North America. 6. United States is the only western country to still have capital punishment. IMMIGRATION TO UNITED STATES Every immigrant dreams to go in the United States. The irony of illegal migrants who are working in America is such that , if they took time and effort to do professional courses in their home countries coupled with work experience, language skills, they can go to developed countries like Canada, Denmark, Australia and New Zealand easily and that too with a permanent resident card. After they become citizens there, they can easily come to United States if they still wish to. What is the point to go to United States in a Container in which you can barely breathe or taking an overloaded ferry and risk losing your life? People from developing countries pay $45,000 plus to go to United States illegally, plus when you are caught, the legal fees. Instead of going there like that why can’t they take admission in a course in United States and learn some skills, by that way they will be legal and colleges also stand to make money which is a win-win situation for everybody. Even after doing course, if you still cannot get a job in United States, come back to your home country, start working and after couple of years, apply for permanent residence to countries like Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Denmark. Now I will give you an example how to go about that. 1.) In your home country, hone English language skills and get good grades in class 12th or post secondary. 2.) Apply for a study visa to United States in a culinary institute to hone culinary skills. (Approximately $ 40,000 or less per year plus you can work part time to support yourself). 3.) Once you finish your course, go to an Indian Restaurant /Mexican or from whichever country the applicant is. 4.) The most important point is that you get work visa only when the employer demonstrates that he is facing a skill shortage. They will put ads in the newspapers, put help wanted sign on the windows, conduct interviews and if they are unable to get required worker, will get a validated work offer and sponsor you. E.g. , to cook Indian food/curry chef, you need cultural awareness and sensitivity to do that. A clay oven bread maker in an Indian Restaurant in the United States puts his hands in an oven at about 250 degree Celsius. You have to be accurate to put your hands inside and with remarkable speed and accuracy otherwise your hands/bread gets burnt. To cook Indian food is no easy task. That is where skill shortages come. 5.) Apply for a work visa and start working. After couple of years at work, employer will sponsor you for a green card. 6.) After 5 years on the green card, you can file for citizenship thru naturalization. 7.) Even if you don’t get a student visa for United States, try for some other western country or study in your home country and hone skills and when you are experienced enough, search for a job in United States or elsewhere. 8.) Even if you don’t get a job overseas, do not get disappointed. Work in your Home country for a couple of years and file for permanent residency in Canada, Denmark and Australia. The good thing is that even you do not get a job offer from those countries; you can still get permanent residence based on points system without any job offer/family. 9.) All you need to do to immigrate to Canada/Australia is 15,000 dollars plus work experience, education, skills, good work ethic and that is surely in your hands. 10.) Total cost involved in getting Canadian permanent residence($550+$950+$11,000+$1,000 air ticket expenses) 11.) United states directly have no skill based points system like Canada, Australia, and Denmark. 12.) They have immigration under a few categories (PARENTS, BROTHER, SISTER, SPOUSE, CHILDREN). 13.) An advantage of various passports as far as work permit is concerned. 1.) American passport; only United States, anywhere else even US citizens need a work permit. 2.) Canadian passport; only Canada same, anywhere else they need a work permit. 3.) EU passport; can live and work in 27 European countries without a work permit. 4.) Australian/New Zealand passports have equal value and citizens of Australia and New Zealand can work and live in each other country without any visa. 5.) Bahamas/Belize passport holders ;countries of CARICOM NATIONS have a treaty That if you want to work in CARICOM NATIONS group, you do not need a work visa just skill certificates and start working. 6.) NORDIC PASSPORT HOLDERS; citizens of FINLAND,NORWAY, SWEDEN, DENMARK can not only live and work in EU but also countries like Greenland and Iceland. Even some citizens of EU countries who are not part of NORDIC COUNTRIES cannot work in Greenland and ICELAND. Having a DANISH PASSPORT IS THE BEST OPTION. There is no point in going to United States by giving $50,000 to an agent even when you are there, you cannot work legally, no medical insurance, nothing. The employer where you will work will under-pay you $4/hr. and will make you work like a slave and will take full advantage of your status. Wherever a person goes, she/he still has to work hard. The kind of effort and money which an individual puts when you are there, if you put the same kind of effort in your home country, you can be reasonably well off. There is no need to go anywhere; there are good/bad, successful/unsuccessful people everywhere, ultimately it depends on the individual and individual alone to make it in his/her life. A dollar is a dollar only when you are working in a developed nation and sending it back. If you decide to live there indefinitely then it becomes a rupee/peso, because you’re are living, working and paying mortgages there. A person’s health, work-ethic is more important. What can you do if you move to a developed nation and suddenly become disabled? Can you full-fill your dreams and aspirations? So, the bottom line is work hard/study hard, be competitive, health conscious wherever you are and even if you still have to go, go in a legal way. SKILLED OCCUPATIONS LIST (SOL) Occupation ANZSCO Code Authority Construction project mgr 13111 VETASSESS Project Builder 13112 VETASSESS Engineering mgr 133211 Engineers Australia/AIM Production Manager (mining) 133513 VETASSESS Child care centre mgr 134111 TRA Medical Administrator 134211 VETASSESS Nursing Clinical Director 134212 ANMAC Primary Health Organization 134213 VETASSESS Mgr Welfare centre manager 134214 ACWA/VETASSESS Accountant 221111 CPA/ICAA/IPA Management Accountant 221112 CPA/ICAA/IPA Taxation Accountant 221113 CPA/ICAA/IPA External Auditor 221213 CPA/ICAA/IPA Internal Auditor 221214 VETASSESS Actuary 224111 VETASSESS Land economist 224511 VETASSESS Valuer 2224512 VETASSESS Ship’s Engineer 231212 AMSA Ship’s Master 231213 AMSA Ship’s Officer 231214 AMSA Architect 232111 AACA Landscape Architect 232112 VETASSESS Cartographer 232213 VETASSESS Other Spatial Scientist 232214 VETASSESS Surveyor 232212 SSSI Urban and Regional Planner 232611 VETASSESS Chemical Engineer 233111 Engineers Australia Materials Engineer 233112 Engineers Australia Civil Engineer 233211 Engineers Australia Geotechnical Engineer 233212 Engineers Australia Quantity Surveyor 233213 AIQS Structural Engineer 233214 Engineers Australia Transport Engineer 233215 Engineers Australia Electrical Engineer 233311 Engineers Australia Electronics Engineer 233411 Engineers Australia Industrial Engineer 233511 Engineers Australia Mechanical Engineer 233512 Engineers Australia Production Engineer 233513 Engineers Australia Mining Engineer 233611 Engineers Australia Petroleum Engineer 233612 Engineers Australia Aeronautical Engineer 233911 Engineers Australia Agricultural Engineer 233912 Engineers Australia Biomedical Engineer 233913 Engineers Australia Engineering Technologist 233914 Engineers Australia Environmental Engineer 233915 Engineers Australia Naval Architect 233916 Engineers Australia Agricultural Consultant 234111 VETASSESS Agricultural Scientist 234112 VETASSESS Forester 234113 VETASSESS Medical Laboratory Scientist 234611 AIMS Veterinarian 234711 AVBC Metallurgist 234912 VETASSESS Physicist (Medical Physicist) 234914 ACPSEM Early Childhood Teacher 241111 AITSL Secondary School Teacher 241411 AITSL Special Needs Teacher 241511 AITSL Teacher of Hearing Impaired 241512 AITSL Teacher of sight Impaired 241513 AITSL Special Education Teachers 241599 AITSL Medical Diagnostic 251211 AIRS Radiographer Medical Radiation therapist 251212 AIR Nuclear Medicine 251213 ANZSNM Technologist Sonographer 251214 AIR Environmental Health 251311 VETASSESS Officer Occupational Health and 251312 VETASSESS Safety Adviser Optometrist 251411 OCANZ Chiropractor 252111 CCEA Osteopath 252112 ANZOC Dental Specialist 252311 ADC Dentist 252312 ADC Occupational Therapist 252411 OTC Physiotherapist 252511 APC Podiatrist 252611 APodC/ANZPAC Speech Pathologist 252712 SPA General Practitioner 253111 Australian Medical Board Anaesthetist 253211 Australian Medical Board Specialist Physician 253311 Australian Medical Board Cardiologist 253312 Australian Medical Board Clinical Haematologist 253313 Australian Medical Board Medical Oncologist 253314 Australian Medical Board Endocrinologist 253315 Australian Medical Board Gastroenterologist 253316 Australian Medical Board Intensive Care Specialist 253317 Australian Medical Board Neurologist 253318 Australian Medical Board Paediatrician 253321 Australian Medical Board Renal Medicine Specialist 253322 Australian Medical Board Rheumatologist 253323 Australian Medical Board Thoracic Medicine 253324 Australian Medical Board Specialist Specialist Physicians 253399 Australian Medical Board Psychiatrist 253411 Australian Medical Board Surgeon (General) 253511 Australian Medical Board Cardiothoracic Surgeon 253512 Australian Medical Board Neurosurgeon 253513 Australia Medical Board Orthopaedic Surgeon 253514 Australia Medical Board Otorhinolaryngologist 253515 Australia Medical Board Paediatric Surgeon 253516 Australian Medical Board Plastic and reconstructive 253517 Australian Medical Board Surgeon Urologist 253518 Australia Medical Board Vascular Surgeon 253521 Australia Medical Board Dermatologist 253911 Australia Medical Board Emergency Medicine 253912 Australia Medical Board Specialist Obstetrician and 253913 Australia Medical Boards Gynaecologist Ophthalmologist 253914 Australia Medical Board Pathologist 253915 Australia Medical Board Diagnostic and 253917 Australia Medical Board Interventional Radiologist Radiation Oncologist 253918 Australia Medical Board Medical Practitioners 253999 Australia Medical Board Midwife 254111 Australia Medical Boards Nurse Practitioner 254411 Australia Medical Board RN (Aged Care) 254412 Australia Medical Board RN (Child and Family health) 254413 Australia Medical Board RN (Community Health) 254414 ANMAC RN (Critical care) 254415 ANMAC RN Developmental Disability 254416 ANMAC RN (DISABILITY) 254417 ANMAC RN (MEDICAL) 254418 ANMAC R N (Medical Practice) 254421 ANMAC RN (MENTAL HEALTH) 254422 ANMAC R N (Preoperative) 254423 ANMAC RN (SURGICAL) 254424 ANMAC RN (PAEDRITRICS) 254425 ANMAC ICT business analyst 261111 ACS Systems Analyst 261112 ACS Analyst Programmer 261311 ACS Developer Programmer 261312 ACS Software Engineer 261313 ACS Computer Network 263111 ACS And systems Engineer Telecommunications 263311 Engineers Australia Engineer Telecommunications Network263312 Engineers Australia Engineer Barrister 271111 SLAA Solicitor 2713111 SLAA Clinical Psychologist 272311 APS Educational Psychologist 272312 APS Organisational Psychologist 272313 APS Psychotherapist 272314 VETASSESS Social Worker 272511 AASW Civil Engineering 312211 Engineers Australia Draftsperson Civil Engineering Tech. 312212 VETASSESS Electrical Engineering 312311 Engineers Australia Draftsperson Electrical Engineering tech. 312312 TRA Radio Communications tech. 313211 TRA Telecommunications field 313212 TRA Engineer Telecommunications 313213 Engineers Australia Network planner Telecommunications Tech. 313214 Engineers Australia Automotive Electrician 321111 TRA Motor Mechanic 321211 TRA Diesel Motor Mechanic 321212 TRA Small Engine Mechanic 321214 TRA Sheet metal Trades 322211 TRA Metal Fabricator 322311 TRA Pressure Welder 322312 TRA Welder (First Class) 322313 TRA Fitter (General) 323211 TRA Fitter and Turner 323212 TRA Fitter-Welder 323213 TRA Metal-Machinist 323214 TRA Locksmith 323313 TRA Bricklayer 331111 TRA Stonemason 331112 TRA Carpenter and Joiner 331211 TRA Carpenter 331212 TRA Painting trades workers 332211 TRA Glazier 333111 TRA Fibrous Plasterer 333211 TRA Solid Plasterer 333212 TRA Wall and Floor Tyler 333411 TRA Plumber (General) 334111 TRA Air conditioning Plumber 334112 TRA Drainer 334113 TRA Gasfitter 334114 TRA Roof Plumber 334115 TRA Electrician (General) 341111 TRA Electrician (Special class) 341112 TRA Lift Mechanic 341113 TRA Air-conditioning and 342111 TRA Refrigeration Mechanic Electrical Lines worker 342211 TRA Tech. Cable Jointer 342212 TRA Electronic equipment 342313 TRA Trades worker Electronic Instrument 342314 TRA Trades worker (General) Electronic Instrument 342315 TRA Trades Worker (Special class) Chef 351311 TRA Boat Builder and Repairer 399111 TRA Shipwright 399112 TRA Dental Hygienist 411211 VETASSESS Dental Technician 411213 TRA Dental Prosthetist 411212 TRA Dental Therapist 411214 TRA National Occupation classification List for Canada An applicant needs to have job in these categories to claim points for work experience. Code A Code Occupation 0632 Accommodation Service Managers 5135 Actors and Comedians 1221 Administrative Officers 0114 Administrative Service Managers 2146 Aerospace Engineers 2222 Agricultural and Fish Products Inspectors 8252 Agricultural and Related Service Contractors and Managers 2123 Agricultural Representatives, Consultants and Specialists 2271 Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors 2272 Air Traffic Control and Related Occupations 2244 Aircraft Instrument, Electrical and Avionics Mechanics, Technicians and Inspectors 7315 Aircraft Mechanics and Aircraft Inspectors 3234 Ambulance Attendants and other Paramedical Occupations 5231 Announcers and other broadcasters 8257 Aquaculture operators and Managers 2151 Architects 2251 Architectural Technologists and Technicians 0212 Architecture and Science Managers 5113 Archivists 5244 Artisans and Craftsperson 1235 Assessors, Valuators and Appraisers 5251 Athletes 5255 Audio and Video Recording Techniques 3141 Audiologists and Speech Language Pathologists 5121 Authors and Writers 7321 Automotive Service Technicians, Truck Mechanics And Mechanical Repairers Code B 6252 Bakers 0122 Banking, Credit and Other Investment Managers 2221 Biological Technologists and Technicians 2121 Biologists and Related Scientists 7266 Blacksmiths and Die Setters 7262 Boilermakers 1231 Bookkeepers 7281 Bricklayers 5224 Broadcast Technicians 4163 Business Development Officers and Marketing Research and consultants 0123 Business Services Managers (Other) 6251 Butchers and Meat Cutters-Retail and Wholesale Code C 7272 Cabinetmakers 7247 Cable Television Service and Maintenance Technicians 3217 Cardiology Technologists 7271 Carpenters 9231 Central Control and Process Operators, Mineral and Metal Processing 6241 Chefs 2134 Chemical Engineers 2211 Chemical Technologists and Technicians 2112 Chemists 3122 Chiropractors 2231 Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians 2131 Civil Engineers 6215 Cleaning Supervisors 5252 Coaches 4131 College and other Vocational Instructors 7382 Commercial Divers 0643 Commissioned Officers, Armed Forces 0641 Commissioned Police officers 4212 Community and Social Service Workers 0213 Computer and Information Systems managers 2281 Computer and Network Operators 2147 Computer Engineers (except Software Engineers) 2174 Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers 7282 Concrete Finishers 5132 Conductors, Composers and Arrangers 1226 Conference and Event Planners 2224 Conservation and Fishery Officers 5112 Conservators and Curators 2234 Construction Estimators 2264 Construction Inspectors 0711 Construction Managers 7311 Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics 7215 Contractors and Supervisors, Carpentry Trades 7212 Contractors and supervisors, Electrical Trades and Communications 7217 Contractors and Supervisors, Heavy Construction Equipment crews 7216 contractors and Supervisors, Mechanic Trades 7214 Contractors and Supervisors, Metal forming, Shaping and Erecting trades 7219 Contractors and Supervisors, Metal Forming, Shaping and Erecting Trades 7213 Contractors and Supervisors, Pipefitting Trades 6242 Cooks 1227 Court Officer and Justices of the Peace 1244 Court Recorders and Medical Transcriptionists 7371 Crane Operators 1236 Customs, Ship and Other Brokers Code D 5134 Dancers 2172 Database Analysts and Data Administrators 2273 Deck officer, water Transport 3222 Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists 3223 Dental Technologists, Technicians and Laboratory 3113 Dentists 3221 Denturists 3132 Dieticians and Nutritionists 2253 Drafting Technologists and Technicians 7372 Drillers and Blasters D Surface Mining, Quarrying and Construction 6214 Dry Cleaning and Laundry Supervisor CODE E 4214 Early Childhood Educators and Assistants 4162 Economists and Economic Policy Researchers and Analysts 5122 Editors 4166 Education Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers 4143 Educational Counsellors 7332 Electric Appliance Servicers and Repairers 2241 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians 2133 Electrical and Electronics Engineers 7333 Electrical Mechanics 7244 Electrical Power Line and Cable Workers 7241 Electricians (except Industrial and Power System) 3218 Electroencephalographic and Other Diagnostic Technologists 2242 Electronic Service Technicians (Household and Business) 7318 Elevator constructors and Mechanics 4213 Employment Counsellor 2274 Engineer Officers, Water Transport 2262 Engineering Inspectors and Regulatory Officers 0211 Engineering Managers 1222 Executive Assistants 6213 Executive Housekeepers Code F 0721 Facility Operation and Maintenance Managers 4153 Family, Marriage and Other Related Counsellors 8253 Farm Supervisors and Specialized Livestock Workers 8251 Farmers and Farm Managers 5222 Film and Video Camera Operators 1112 Financial and Investment Analysts 1111 Financial Auditors and Accountants 0111 Financial Managers 1114 Financial Officers 0642 Fire Chiefs and Senior Fire fighting Officers 6262 Fire-fighters 8261 Fishing Masters and Officers 8262 Fishing Vessel Skippers and Fishermen/women 7295 Floor Covering Installers 6212 Food Service Supervisors 2122 Forestry Professionals 2223 Forestry Technologists and Technicians 6272 Funeral Directors and Embalmers Code G 7253 Gas Fitters 2212 Geological and Mineral Technologists and Technicians 2144 Geological Engineers 2113 Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists 7292 Glaziers 0412 Government Managers –Economic Analysis, Policy Development 0413 Government Managers-Education Policy Development and program Administration 0411 Government Managers-Health and Social Policy Development and Program Administration 6234 Grain Elevator Operators 5223 Graphic Arts Technicians 5241 Graphic designers and Illustrators Code H 6271 Hairstylists and Barbers 3151 Head Nurses and Supervisors 3123 Health Diagnosing and Treating (Other Professional Occupations) 4165 Health Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers 7312 Heavy Duty Equipment Mechanics 0112 Human Resources Managers Code I 1228 Immigration, Employment Insurance and Revenue Officers 2141 Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers 2252 Industrial Designers 7242 Industrial Electricians 2233 Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing Technologists and Technicians 2243 Industrial Instrument Technicians and Mechanics 2171 Information System Analysts and Consultants 2263 Inspectors in Public and Environmental Health and Occupational Health and Safety 4216 Instructors 4215 Instructors and Teachers of Persons with Disabilities 7293 Insulators 1233 Insurance Adjustors and Claims Examiners 6231 Insurance Agents and Brokers 1234 Insurance Underwriters 0121 Insurance, Real Estate and Financial Brokerage Managers 5242 Interior Designers 7264 Ironworkers Code J 7344 Jewellers, Watch Repairers and related Occupations 5123 Journalists 4111 Judges 1227 Justice of the Peace CODE L 2254 Land Survey technologists and Technicians 2154 Land Surveyors 2225 Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Technicians and Specialists 2152 Landscape Architects 8255 Landscaping and Grounds Maintenance Contractors and Managers 4112 Lawyer and Quebec Notaries 1242 Legal Secretaries 0011 Legislators 5111 Librarians 5211 Library and Archive Technicians and Assistants 0511 Library, Archive, Museum and Art Gallery Managers 3233 Licensed Practical Nurses 1232 Loan Officers 8241 Logging Machinery Operators CODE M 7316 Machine Fitters 7231 Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors 0512 Managers-Publishing, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and Performing Arts 0311 Managers in health care 0414 Manager in Public Administration 0314 Managers in Social, Community and Correctional Services 0911 Manufacturing Managers 2255 Mapping and Related Technologists and Technicians 2161 Mathematicians, Statisticians and Actuaries 2232 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians 2132 Mechanical Engineers 3212 Medical Laboratory Technicians 3211 Medical Laboratory Technologists and Pathologists Assistants 3215 Medical Radiation Technologists 1243 Medical Secretaries 3216 Medical Sonographer 3219 Medical Technologists and Technicians 2142 Metallurgical and Material Engineers 2213 Meteorological Technicians 2114 Meteorologists 3232 Midwives and Practitioners of Natural Healing 2143 Mining Engineers 4154 Ministers of Religion 5226 Motion Pictures, Broadcasting 7322 Motor Vehicle Body Repairers 7334 Motorcycle and other related Mechanics 5133 Musicians and Singers Code N 4161 Natural and applied Science Policy Researchers, Consultants and program officers 2261 Non-destructive Testers and Inspectors 8254 Nursery and Greenhouse Operators and Managers CODE O 3143 Occupational Therapists 8232 Oil and Gas Well Drillers, Servicers, Testers and Related Workers Code P 7294 painters and decorators 5136 Painters, Sculptors and other Visual Artists 9234 Papermaking and Coating Control Operators 4211 Paralegal and Related Occupations 5245 Patternmakers-Textile, Leather and Fur Products 5232 Performers 1223 Personnel and Recruitment Officers 2145 Petroleum Engineers 9232 Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Process Operators 3131 Pharmacists 5221 Photographers 2115 Physical Sciences (other professional occupations) 3112 Physicians –General Practitioners and Family Physicians 3111 Physicians-Specialist 2111 Physicists and Astronomers 3142 Physiotherapists 7252 Pipefitters 7284 Plasterers, Drywall Installers and Finishers and Lathers 7251 Plumbers 6261 Police Officers 0132 Postal and Courier Service Managers 4122 Post Secondary Teaching and Research Assistants 7243 Power System Electricians 7352 Power Systems and Power station operators 0811 Primary Production Managers 7381 Printing Press Operators 4155 Probation and Parole Officers and Related Occupations 5131 Producers, Directors, Choreographers and Related Occupations 2148 Professional Engineers 1122 Professional Occupations in Business Services to Management 5124 Professional Occupations in Public Relations and Communications 4121 Professors-University 5254 Program Leaders and Instructors In Recreation and Sport 4168 Program Officers Unique to Government 1224 Property Administrators 4151 Psychologists 9233 Pulping Control Operators 1225 Purchasing Agents and Officers 0113 Purchasing Managers CODE R 7361 Railway and Yard Locomotive Engineers 7314 Railway women 7362 Railway Conductors and Brakemen/Women 2275 Railway Traffic Controllers and Marine Traffic Regulators 6232 Real Estate Agents and Salespersons 0513 Recreation and Sports Program and Service Directors 4167 Recreation, sports and Fitness Program Supervisors Consultants 7313 Refrigeration and Air conditioning Mechanics 3152 Registered Nurses 4217 Religious Occupations (Other) 0712 Residential Home builders and Renovators 3214 Respiratory Therapists, Clinical Per fusionists and Cardio-Pulmonary Technologists 0631 Restaurant Managers 6233 Retail and wholesale Buyers 0621 Retail Trade Managers 6211 Retail Trade Supervisors 7291 Roofers and Shinglers Code S 0611 Sales, Marketing and Advertising Managers 0313 School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary 1241 Secretaries (Except Legal and Medical) 1113 Securities Agents, Investment Dealers and Brokers 0012 Senior Government Managers and Officials 0013 Senior Managers-Financial, communications and other Business 0016 Senior Managers-Goods Production, Utilities, Transportation and construction 0014 Senior Managers-Health, Education, Social and community 0015 Senior Managers-Trade, Broadcasting and Other Services 6216 Service supervisor 0651 Services manager 7261 Sheet metal workers 7343 Small engine and equipment mechanics 4164 Social Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers 4169 Social Science 4152 Social Workers 2173 Software Engineers 1121 Specialists in Human Resources 5253 sports officials and Referees 7252 Sprinkler System Installers 7351 stationery engineers and auxiliary Equipment operators 7252 Steamfitters, Pipefitters and Sprinkler System Installers 7263 Structural Metal and Plate work Fabricators and Fitters 9223 Supervisors, Electrical products manufacturing 9222 supervisors, electronics manufacturing 9225 supervisors, Fabric, Fur and Leather Products Manufacturing 1212 supervisors, Finance and insurance clerks 9213 Supervisors, Food, Beverage and Tobacco Processing 9215 Supervisors, forests product processing 9224 supervisors, furniture and Fixers manufacturing 1211 supervisors, general office and administrative support clerks 8256 supervisors, landscape and horticulture 1213 Supervisors, Library, Correspondence and related information clerks 8211 supervisors, logging and forestry 7211 supervisors, Machinists and related occupations 1214 supervisors, Mail and Message Distribution Occupations 9211 Supervisors, Mineral and Metal Processing 8221 Supervisors, Mining and Quarrying 7222 supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators 9221 supervisors, motor vehicle assembling 8222 supervisors, oil and gas drilling and service 9226 supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing 9227 supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly 9212 Supervisors, Petroleum, Gas and chemical processing and utilities 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing 7218 supervisors, printing and related occupations 7221 Supervisors, Railway transport operations 1215 Supervisors, recording, Distributing and Scheduling Occupations 9216 supervisors, Textile processing 5227 Support Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and Performing Arts 2283 Systems Testing Technicians Code T 7342 Tailors, Dressmakers, Furriers and Milliners 4142 Teachers-Elementary School and Kindergarten 4141 Teachers-Secondary School 6221 Technical Sales Specialists-Wholesale Trade 0131 Telecommunication Carriers Managers 7246 Telecommunication Installation and repair Workers 7245 Telecommunication Line and Cable Workers 7317 Textile Machinery Mechanics and Repairers 5243 Theatre, Fashion, Exhibit and Other Creative Designers 3144 Therapy and Assessment (other professional occupations) 3235 Therapy and Assessment (other technical occupations) 7283 Tile setters 7232 Tool and Die Makers 7383 Trades and Related Occupations 5125 Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters 0713 Transportation Managers CODE U 8231 Underground Production and Development Miners 7341 Upholsterers 2153 Urban and Land Use planners 2282 User Support Technicians 0912 Utilities Manager CODE V 3114 Veterinarians 3213 Veterinary and Animal Health Technologists CODE W 7373 Water well Drillers 2175 Web designers and Developers 7265 Welders and Related Machine Operators SYNOPSIS The author, a graduate from Delhi University and a diploma holder in pharmaceuticals from Canada moved to Canada in 1999 on a permanent resident visa and became a Canadian citizen in 2004. He has spent 12 years in Canada and toured various countries of the world and after living, interacting and meeting with people from all walks of life, their aspirations, dreams, accomplishments and the frustration they faced. Settling in a new country requires courage and it is not for the weak willed. Moving from a country like India where it is warm and sunny to -35 degree Celsius with the wind chill and starting your new life on your own, having facing the kind of hardships, it inspired me to write a book. I had to do a lot of odd jobs, but eventually it is said “if your will power is strong and you are willing to work hard, Canada will never disappoint you and yes, it is true.” Western countries have a strong work ethic and admire honesty and things like corruption are non-existent there. If I can make it, why can’t you? The aim of this book is to help people from middle class families, who aspire to do well overseas and will contribute to their country’s economy because anyone who goes there has a sense of belonging and will also benefit their native country in return. A book you cannot miss to read, a must read for young aspirants from middle class families.